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Parallels Desktop User's Guide

User's Guide

Copyright 1999-2011 Parallels Holdings, Ltd. and its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Parallels Holdings, Ltd. c/o Parallels International GMbH. Parallels International GmbH Vordergasse 49 CH8200 Schaffhausen Switzerland Tel: + 41 526320 411 Fax: + 41 52672 2010 www.parallels.com Copyright 1999-2011 Parallels Holdings, Ltd. and its affiliates. All rights reserved. This product is protected by United States and international copyright laws. The products underlying technology, patents, and trademarks are listed at http://www.parallels.com/trademarks. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Server, Windows NT, Windows Vista, and MS-DOS are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Apple, Mac, the Mac logo, Mac OS, iPad, iPhone, iPod touch, FaceTime HD camera and iSight are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the US and other countries. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Welcome to Parallels Desktop..................................................................................8
What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 9 Set Up Your Mac to Use Windows Programs.................................................................... 9 Other Operating Systems................................................................................................ 10

Install or Upgrade Parallels Desktop ......................................................................11


What You Need .............................................................................................................. 12 Install Parallels Desktop................................................................................................... 13 Upgrade Parallels Desktop .............................................................................................. 15
Install Software Updates........................................................................................................ 16

Set the Language............................................................................................................ 17

Install or Import Windows .......................................................................................18


Download and Install Windows........................................................................................ 19 Install Windows from an Installation Disc ......................................................................... 21 Import Your Data from a PC............................................................................................ 22
Overview of Methods for Importing........................................................................................ 22 Requirements for Importing Your Data .................................................................................. 23 Step 1: Install Parallels Transporter Agent on Your Windows PC........................................... 23 Step 2: Import Your Data....................................................................................................... 23 Solving Problems................................................................................................................... 32

Use Boot Camp with Parallels Desktop ........................................................................... 36 Import from an Earlier Parallels Desktop or Other Virtualization Application...................... 37

Use Windows on Your Mac.....................................................................................38


Get Started ..................................................................................................................... 38
Start Windows....................................................................................................................... 39 Open a Windows Program .................................................................................................... 40 Install Windows Programs ..................................................................................................... 45 Shut Down or Suspend Windows.......................................................................................... 46

Set How Windows Works with Mac OS X ....................................................................... 49


Merge Windows and Mac OS X............................................................................................. 50 Set Windows to Appear in a Single Window.......................................................................... 54

Contents

Set Windows to Take Up the Whole Screen .......................................................................... 58 Set Windows to Look Like Mac OS X .................................................................................... 61 Copy and Paste Between Mac OS X and Windows............................................................... 61 Set a Program to Open When You Insert a CD or DVD ......................................................... 62 Share Items Between Mac OS X and Windows ..................................................................... 62 Apply Mac OS X Parental Controls to Windows..................................................................... 73

Mouse, Trackpad, and Keyboard .................................................................................... 73


Set Your Mouse or Trackpad to Right-Click .......................................................................... 74 Control Programs with Trackpad Gestures or the Apple Remote .......................................... 75 Customize the Keyboard ....................................................................................................... 78

Connect USB Devices..................................................................................................... 80


Adjust USB Settings .............................................................................................................. 81

Print from Windows......................................................................................................... 83


Share a Printer Connected to Your Mac ................................................................................ 84 Set Up a Printer Using Bonjour.............................................................................................. 86 Set Up a Network Printer....................................................................................................... 88 Set Up a USB Printer............................................................................................................. 91

Use the Built-in iSight Camera or Another Webcam ........................................................ 92 Protect Your Data ........................................................................................................... 92
Protect Your Data from Viruses ............................................................................................. 93 Isolate Mac OS X from Windows ........................................................................................... 94 Work in Windows Without Saving Changes........................................................................... 94 Set Password Requirements ................................................................................................. 95 Encrypt Windows to Protect It from Unauthorized Use .......................................................... 96

Connect to the Internet or a Network .............................................................................. 97


Share Network Settings Between Mac OS X and Windows................................................... 97 Apply Separate Network Settings to Windows ...................................................................... 98 Use Host-Only Network Settings ........................................................................................... 99 Use Wi-Fi with Windows...................................................................................................... 101 Connect Windows to a VLAN .............................................................................................. 101

Optimize Performance................................................................................................... 102


Set How Much Memory is Allocated to Windows ................................................................ 102 Optimization Settings........................................................................................................... 104 Optimize 3D Graphics Performance on a MacBook Pro ...................................................... 106 Speed Up Games and Graphics Programs ......................................................................... 106

Contents

Pause Windows When No Programs Are Open................................................................... 107

Use Windows on Your iPad, iPhone, or iPod touch ....................................................... 108 Save a Picture of the Screen ......................................................................................... 109 Set the Appearance of the Parallels Desktop Dock Icon ................................................ 110

Advanced Topics...................................................................................................111
Work with Virtual Machines ........................................................................................... 111
Supported Guest Operating Systems .................................................................................. 112 About Virtual Machines........................................................................................................ 113 Change the Virtual Machine Name ...................................................................................... 116 Merge Linux and Mac OS X................................................................................................. 116 Clone a Virtual Machine ....................................................................................................... 117 Back Up a Virtual Machine .................................................................................................. 118 Browse Virtual Hard Disks in Mac OS X............................................................................... 120 Create and Use Virtual Machine Templates ......................................................................... 122 Save Snapshots of a Virtual Machine................................................................................... 124 Change Virtual Machine Configuration at Runtime ............................................................... 128 Use Keyboard Shortcuts ..................................................................................................... 130 Use Mouse Wheel Horizontal Scrolling ................................................................................ 130 Remove a Virtual Machine ................................................................................................... 131 Download Pre-configured Virtual Appliances ....................................................................... 132 Set the Guest OS Type and Version .................................................................................... 133 Set How Many Processors are Allocated to a Virtual Machine ............................................. 133 Enable Spoken Commands................................................................................................. 134 Get Acronis Online Backup ................................................................................................. 135 Use AppleScript with the Guest OS..................................................................................... 135

Use Other Operating Systems on Your Mac .................................................................. 135


Import Linux and Your Data from a PC................................................................................ 136 Installing Windows 98.......................................................................................................... 136 Improve Graphics Performance in Windows NT/98/ME....................................................... 139 Customize the Keyboard for the Guest OS.......................................................................... 140 Install Mac OS X Lion From the Recovery Partition .............................................................. 141

Install or Update Parallels Tools..................................................................................... 141


Parallels Tools Overview ...................................................................................................... 142 Parallels Tools for Windows................................................................................................. 144 Parallels Tools for Linux ....................................................................................................... 146

Contents

Parallels Tools for Mac ........................................................................................................ 151 Parallels Tools for OS/2 and eComStation........................................................................... 152

Modality Mode .............................................................................................................. 154 Hide and Show Parallels Desktop.................................................................................. 156 Remove Parallels Desktop............................................................................................. 157 Advanced Preferences .................................................................................................. 159
Shared Networking Settings ................................................................................................ 162 Host-Only Networking Settings ........................................................................................... 164 Advanced Settings .............................................................................................................. 165

Adding and Removing Devices...................................................................................... 168


Support for Virtual and Real Disks ....................................................................................... 171

Hardware Settings ........................................................................................................ 172


Boot Order .......................................................................................................................... 173 Video................................................................................................................................... 175 Floppy Disk ......................................................................................................................... 177 CD/DVD-ROM..................................................................................................................... 179 Hard Disk ............................................................................................................................ 181 Network Adapter ................................................................................................................. 185 Printer Port .......................................................................................................................... 187 Serial Port............................................................................................................................ 189 Sound ................................................................................................................................. 191 USB .................................................................................................................................... 193

Contents

Tips and Troubleshooting .....................................................................................194


Install Parallels Tools for Seamless Operation Between Windows and Mac OS X .......... 195 I Can't Activate Parallels Desktop.................................................................................. 195 Windows Seems Slow .................................................................................................. 196 Configure 5.1 or 7.1 Surround Sound in a Virtual Machine ............................................ 198 I'm Having Problems Connecting to the Internet............................................................ 199 I'm Having Problems with Antivirus Software................................................................. 200 The F8 Key Isn't Working Correctly ............................................................................... 200 Configuring a Network in Linux...................................................................................... 201 Installing the GCC Package and Kernel Sources in Linux .............................................. 202 Checking the Build Number .......................................................................................... 202 Report a Problem and Request Support ....................................................................... 203

More Resources ....................................................................................................205


Visit the Parallels Desktop Twitter and Facebook Pages................................................ 205 Visit the Parallels Convenience Store............................................................................. 206

Glossary .................................................................................................................207 Index ......................................................................................................................212

CHAPTER 1

Welcome to Parallels Desktop


Congratulations on purchasing Parallels Desktop 7 for Mac. You no longer have to choose between the Mac or the PCParallels Desktop lets you use Windows side-by-side with Mac OS X on your Mac. Use this guide to quickly set up and start using Parallels Desktop.

In This Chapter
What You Can Do .................................................................................................... 9 Set Up Your Mac to Use Windows Programs ........................................................... 9 Other Operating Systems ......................................................................................... 10

Welcome to Parallels Desktop

What You Can Do


With Parallels Desktop, you can: Open Windows programs side-by-side with your Mac OS X applications, without having to restart Copy and paste text and drag and drop objects between Mac applications and Windows programs Run Windows games and other 3D programs Transfer all your data from a PC and use it on your Mac Purchase, download, and install a new copy of Windows directly from Parallels Desktop Easily share files, devices, and other resources between Windows and the Mac Install other operating systems, such as Linux, Google Chrome OS, Mac OS X Lion, and Mac OS X Server, and use them together And much more

Set Up Your Mac to Use Windows Programs


After just a few steps, you can begin using Windows programs on your Mac. Setting up your Mac to run Windows programs involves the following steps: Step 1: Install Parallels Desktop (p. 11). Step 2: Install Windows on your Mac (p. 18). Step 3: Install your Windows programs (p. 45). You only need to follow these steps once. Then you can open and use your Windows programs on your Mac anytime you like, just as you do with your Mac applications.

Welcome to Parallels Desktop

Other Operating Systems


Important: This guide is focused on using Parallels Desktop with Windows XP or Windows 7.

Using Parallels Desktop 7 for Mac you can run several other kinds of operating systems (p. 112) on your Mac, such as several flavors of Linux and Unix, Mac OS X Server, older versions of Windows, and more.

Finding Information On Running Other Operating Systems


You can find much more information and details on using Parallels Desktop to run other operating systems on your Mac by checking the resources listed in More Resources (p. 205). Additionally, though not explicitly stated, many of the instructions presented in this guide also apply to supported operating systems other than Windows XP and Windows 7. And some important instructions relating to other operating systems are in the Advanced Topics (p. 111) section.

10

CHAPTER 2

Install or Upgrade Parallels Desktop


Follow the instructions in this chapter to install or upgrade Parallels Desktop.
Note: You can either purchase a boxed version of Parallels Desktop 7 or download it from the the Parallels website.

In This Chapter
What You Need ........................................................................................................ 12 Install Parallels Desktop ............................................................................................ 13 Upgrade Parallels Desktop........................................................................................ 15 Set the Language ..................................................................................................... 17

Install or Upgrade Parallels Desktop

What You Need


To install and set up Parallels Desktop 7 for Mac, you need: A Mac computer with: An Intel Core 2 Duo processor or better At least 2GB of RAM (4GB recommended to run Windows 7)
Note: Your Mac must have enough RAM memory to use Mac OS X and its applications plus the memory required for each additional operating system (and its programs) that you want to use simultaneously.

At least 1.4GB of space available on the boot volume (the volume that has Mac OS X) for Parallels Desktop installation 15 GB of available disk space for Windows Mac OS X Lion 10.7 or later, Mac OS X Snow Leopard v10.6.8 or later, or Mac OS X Leopard v10.5.8 or later To identify your computer's processor, memory, and Mac OS X version, choose Apple menu > About This Mac. Internet connection required for select features and online updates One of the following: A Windows installation disc, or other installation media for the operating systems you want to use alongside Mac OS X A major credit card or PayPal account to purchase Windows online For a list of operating systems that Parallels Desktop supports for use with your Mac, see Supported Guest Operating Systems (p. 112) or go to http://www.parallels.com/products/desktop/system-requirements/.

12

Install or Upgrade Parallels Desktop

Install Parallels Desktop


You can be up and running with Parallels Desktop in a few easy steps: 1 Make sure you have the latest version of Mac OS X by choosing Apple menu > Software Update (you must have an Internet connection). If a later version of Mac OS X is available, select it and click Install. 2 Do one of the following: If you downloaded Parallels Desktop from the Parallels website, double-click the disk image file, most likely in your Downloads folder (the file has the extension ".dmg" at the end). If you purchased a boxed copy of Parallels Desktop, insert the installation disc. 3 Double-click the Install icon.

13

Install or Upgrade Parallels Desktop

If your computer is connected to the Internet, Parallels Desktop checks for available updates. If an update is available, click "Download and install new version" to get the latest version of Parallels Desktop. 4 Follow the onscreen instructions to install Parallels Desktop.

Activate Parallels Desktop


Once the installation is finished, you must enter your Product Activation Key to activate Parallels Desktop. If you purchased Parallels Desktop from the Parallels Online Store or downloaded a trial copy, a key was sent to the email address you provided. If you bought a boxed copy, you can find your key printed on the installation disc sleeve.
Note: If you bypass the activation dialog, you can activate Parallels Desktop later by choosing Parallels Desktop > Activate Product and entering your Product Activation Key.

If You Don't Have A Product Activation Key


If you don't have a key already, you can get one by choosing Parallels Desktop > Activate Product. Then, to get a free trial Product Activation Key so you can try out Parallels Desktop for a limited time, click Get Trial. Or to purchase a key that lets you use Parallels Desktop permanently, click Buy.

Register Parallels Desktop


After activation, you're presented with the opportunity to register Parallels Desktop. Registering allows you to: Automatically download and install the latest Parallels Desktop updates. Create a backup copy of the product key on the Parallels web server and restore it at any time. Easily contact the Parallels support team, using the support code. Stay informed about Parallels news and announcements.

Note: If you choose not to register Parallels Desktop during installation, you can register anytime by choosing Parallels Desktop > Register Product when the application is open.

14

Install or Upgrade Parallels Desktop

Upgrade Parallels Desktop


If you already have Parallels Desktop 5 or 6 follow these steps to upgrade to Parallels Desktop 7. 1 If you haven't already done so, purchase and download a "Parallels Desktop 7 for Mac Upgrade," available from the Parallels Online Store at www.parallels.com/buyonline. A Product Activation Key is sent to the email address you provide. 2 3 If Parallels Desktop is open, quit Parallels Desktop. Follow the instructions to install Parallels Desktop 7. See Install Parallels Desktop (p. 13). During installation, the previous version of Parallels Desktop is automatically removed from your computer. 4 Open Parallels Desktop and enter your upgrade Product Activation Key. If you were using a trial version of Parallels Desktop or you purchased a previous version but haven't installed it on your computer, you will also be prompted to enter a full or upgrade key for that version.
Note: To upgrade from Parallels Desktop 2, 3, or 4 you must purchase Parallels Desktop 7 at full retail price.

Solving Problems
If you have any problems upgrading Parallels Desktop, you can find troubleshooting information at www.parallels.com/support/free/troubleshooter or by opening Parallels Desktop and choosing Help > Troubleshooting Guide.

15

Install or Upgrade Parallels Desktop

Install Software Updates


Periodically, Parallels provides free software updates to improve Parallels Desktop. By default, Parallels Desktop is configured to automatically check for and download available software updates once a week. When an update is available, Parallels Desktop prompts you to install it. Simply follow the onscreen instructions.

Adjust Software Update Settings


1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon then click General. in the menu bar and choose Preferences, and

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Parallels Desktop > Preferences, and then click General.

16

Install or Upgrade Parallels Desktop

Do one of the following: To adjust the frequency that Parallels checks for software updates, choose Never, Once a Day, Once a Week, or Once a Month from the Check for Updates menu. To choose whether you want Parallels Desktop to download updates automatically, select or deselect Download updates automatically. If you choose not to download updates automatically, Parallels Desktop notifies you when an update is available and asks whether you want to download it.

Check for an Update Manually


Follow the instructions in step 1 above and then click Check Now. You can also choose Check for Updates from the Parallels Desktop application menu.

Note: To check for updates and download them, your Mac must be connected to the Internet and you must register your copy of Parallels Desktop (p. 13).

Set the Language


You can set which language the Parallels Desktop interface uses by doing the following: 1 2 3 4 Quit Parallels Desktop. Choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Language & Text, and then click Language. Drag the language you want to the top of the list. If you don't see the language you want to use in the list, click Edit List. Open Parallels Desktop. If the primary language you chose is supported by Parallels Desktop, the menus and interface text appear in that language. If the primary language you selected isn't supported, menus appear in the first language listed that Parallels Desktop supports.

17

CHAPTER 3

Install or Import Windows


There are a few ways to get Windows up and running on your Mac: Download, and install Windows (p. 19) (US and Canada only) Install Windows from a Windows installation disc (p. 21) Import your data from a Windows PC (p. 22) Use Windows that you already have installed from a Boot Camp partition (p. 36) Import Windows from a previous version of Parallels Desktop or other virtualization software (p. 37)

In This Chapter
Download and Install Windows ................................................................................. 19 Install Windows from an Installation Disc ................................................................... 21 Import Your Data from a PC ..................................................................................... 22 Use Boot Camp with Parallels Desktop..................................................................... 36 Import from an Earlier Parallels Desktop or Other Virtualization Application................ 37

Install or Import Windows

Download and Install Windows


If this is your first time using Parallels Desktop and you don't have a copy of Windows, you can purchase, download, and install Windows directly from Parallels Desktop. Your Mac must be connected to the Internet. To purchase, download, and install Windows: 1 2 3 Open Parallels Desktop (in the Applications folder) and choose File > New. Click Buy Windows 7. Select a version of Windows. You can choose the Home Premium, Professional, or Ultimate edition. To learn more, click Compare versions on Microsoft web site. 4 Click Continue and follow the onscreen instructions to purchase and download Windows.
Note: You can use a major credit card to purchase Windows.

In the Windows Product Key window, be sure to leave Express installation selected.
Note: If you deselect Express installation, you'll need to install Parallels Tools (p. 195) after the installation to allow the most seamless operation between Windows and Mac OS X.

It is also recommended that you use the 64-bit version of Windows, but if you want to use the 32-bit version, deselect 64-bit Windows version. When ready, click Continue. 6 Select how you want to use Windows: Like a Mac: Windows programs appear on the Mac desktop, just like Mac applications. Documents and media from Mac OS X and Windows are kept together on your Mac. Like a PC: The Windows desktop and programs appear in a single window, separate from Mac applications. You can drag and drop objects between Windows and the Mac. 7 Choose where you want to store Windows from the Location menu. By default, Parallels Desktop stores Windows in your Documents > Parallels folder. To allow all users of your computer to have access to this installation of Windows, select Share with other users of this Mac. 8 If you want to pre-set things like how much memory Windows uses or whether it starts automatically when you open Parallels Desktop, select Customize settings before installation. You can also adjust these settings after the operating system is installed. Click Create. Once the download starts, you can pause it anytime by clicking Pause. To resume the download, click Resume. Once the download is complete, the installation of Windows starts automatically. The Parallels Wizard finishes the installation of Windows. You should expect this operation to take an hour or more, and your virtual machine may restart several times during this operation. 19

Install or Import Windows

Once Windows is installed, you can start it up by opening a Windows program (p. 40) or by clicking the power button in the Parallels Virtual Machines list.

Important: The first time you start Windows, Parallels Tools are installed to allow seamless operation between Windows and Mac OS X. Once Parallels Tools are installed, you're prompted to restart Windows. If you didn't select Express installation in step 5 above, you must install Parallels Tools manually (p. 195).

When you install Windows, Parallels Desktop creates an administrator account with a blank password. Once the installation is complete, it is recommended that you change this password.

20

Install or Import Windows

Install Windows from an Installation Disc


If you have a Windows installation DVD and a valid Windows product key, you can install Windows from the disc and use it with Parallels Desktop. To install Windows: 1 2 3 4 5 Open Parallels Desktop (in the Applications folder) and choose File > New. Insert the Windows installation disc. Click Install Windows from DVD or image file. Select the Windows installation disc from the Install from menu. Be sure to leave Express installation selected.
Note: If you deselect Express installation, you'll need to install Parallels Tools (p. 195) after the installation to allow the most seamless operation between Windows and Mac OS X.

If you are installing a recent version of Windows, select how you want to use Windows: Like a Mac: Windows programs appear on the Mac desktop, just like Mac applications. Documents and media from Mac OS X and Windows are kept together on your Mac. Like a PC: The Windows desktop and programs appear in a single window, separate from Mac applications. You can drag and drop objects between Windows and the Mac.

Choose where you want to store Windows from the Location menu. By default, Parallels Desktop stores Windows in your Documents > Parallels folder. To allow all users of your computer to have access to this installation of Windows, select Share with other users of this Mac.

If you want to pre-set things like how much memory Windows uses or whether it starts automatically when you open Parallels Desktop, select Customize settings before installation. You can also adjust these settings after the operating system is installed. Click Continue. The assistant installs Windows.

Once Windows is installed, you can start it up by opening a Windows program (p. 40) or by clicking the power button in the Parallels Virtual Machines list.

21

Install or Import Windows

Important: The first time you start Windows, Parallels Tools are installed to allow seamless operation between Windows and Mac OS X. Once Parallels Tools are installed, you're prompted to restart Windows. If you didn't select Express installation in step 5 above, you must install Parallels Tools manually (p. 195).

When you install Windows, Parallels Desktop creates an administrator account with a blank password. Once the installation is complete, it is recommended that you change this password.
Note: You can also install Windows from a disk image file of an installation disc. Simply choose the disk image file in step 4 above.

Import Your Data from a PC


You can import all your data from a Windows PC to Parallels Desktop on your Mac. Then you can continue to work with all your Windows programs, files, and data, side-by-side with Mac OS X.

Overview of Methods for Importing


You can import your data using one of the following: Parallels USB cable (p. 24): If you have Parallels Desktop 7 Switch to Mac Edition, you can use the included Parallels USB cable. This is the simplest way to import your data. The Windows PC and your Mac must be close to one another. Network (p. 27): If both the Windows PC and your Mac are connected to a network, you can import your data over the network. External storage device (p. 30): You can transfer the data from a Windows PC to an external storage device, such as an external hard drive. Then, you can connect the device to your Mac and import your data into Parallels Desktop.

22

Install or Import Windows

Requirements for Importing Your Data


To import your data to your Mac, you need a Windows computer with: Windows XP with Service Pack 2 or later, Windows Vista, or Windows 7.
Note: You can also use a computer running Windows Server 2008 R2 (64-bit only), Windows Server 2008, or Windows 2000 Professional (32-bit only).

An Intel or AMD (700 MHz or higher) x86 or x64 processor At least 256 MB of RAM At least 70 MB of hard disk space for installing Parallels Transporter Agent One of the following: An Ethernet port for transferring your data over network A USB port for transferring your data using the Parallels USB cable An external storage device, such as a USB hard disk

Note: Parallels Desktop does not support migrating Windows dynamic volumes. These are volumes which size is not fixed as in basic volumes. They are migrated as data disks only. You can later add them (p. 168) to an already existing virtual machine.

Step 1: Install Parallels Transporter Agent on Your Windows PC


To import your data you must first install the Parallels Transporter Agent software on the Windows PC. To install Parallels Transporter Agent: 10 Do one of the following: If you purchased a physical copy of Parallels Desktop, insert the Parallels Desktop installation DVD into your Windows PC. If the installation doesn't start automatically, locate and double-click the Parallels Transporter Agent.exe file on the disc. Download Parallels Transporter Agent for Windows from the Parallels website at http://www.parallels.com/download/desktop/ and double-click the installation file. If your computer is connected to the Internet, Parallels Transporter Agent checks for available updates. If an update is available, click Download and Install New Version. 11 Follow the onscreen instructions to install Parallels Transporter Agent.

Step 2: Import Your Data


Follow one of the methods below to import your data from your PC to your Mac. 23

Install or Import Windows

Using a Parallels USB Cable


Important: After importing your data from your PC, you may need to reactivate some of your Windows programs using the activation keys you received when you purchased the programs.

The Parallels USB cable required for this method is included with Parallels Desktop Switch to Mac Edition. If you don't have the Parallels USB cable, import your data using one of the other methods.

To import your data from your PC using the Parallels USB Cable:
1 2 Turn on your Mac and your Windows PC and log in to both computers. On the Windows PC, open Parallels Transporter Agent by clicking the Start menu and choosing All Programs > Parallels > Parallels Transporter Agent.

24

Install or Import Windows

3 4

Connect the Parallels USB cable to your Windows PC and to your Mac. If the Windows PC is running Windows XP, the Found New Hardware wizard opens. In this wizard: a b c d Select Yes, this time only, and click Next. Select Install the software automatically (Recommended), and click Next. A Hardware Installation warning appears. Click Continue Anyway. Drivers for the Parallels USB cable are installed. Click Finish to exit the wizard.

5 6 7

On your Mac, open Parallels Desktop and choose File > New. Select Migrate from a PC and click Continue. Select Parallels USB cable and click Continue. Parallels Transporter starts collecting the information about the source computer.

25

Install or Import Windows

8 9

If the Windows Installation Files window appears, insert the Windows installation disc into your Mac and click Continue. If you don't want to log in to Windows automatically whenever you start up Windows, select Do not enable Automatic Logon. When ready, click Continue.

10 Choose whether you want to migrate all your files and data or only Windows applications. When ready, click Continue. 11 Select how you want to use Windows: Like a Mac: Windows programs appear on the Mac desktop, just like Mac applications. Documents and media from Mac OS X and Windows are kept together on your Mac. Like a PC: The Windows desktop and programs appear in a single window, separate from Mac applications. You can drag and drop objects between Windows and the Mac. 12 Choose where you want to install your data. You can also click Customize and select which Windows volumes to migrate.

26

Install or Import Windows

When ready, click Continue. 13 In the next step there's a warning about Windows activation that might be required when you start using it. To proceed, read this message, select I want to continue and click Continue. 14 Once the migration is complete, click Done. 15 Start Windows (p. 39). 16 Once Windows starts up, choose Virtual Machine > Install Parallels Tools and follow the onscreen instructions.
Note: To be able to install Parallels Tools, you must be logged in to Windows as an administrator.

Over a Network
Important: After importing your data, you may need to reactivate some of your Windows programs using the activation keys you received when you purchased the programs.

To import your data from a PC over a network:


1 2 3 Turn on your Mac and your Windows PC and log in. Make sure that the computers are connected over the same network. Make sure that Windows Firewall (p. 34) is turned off. You can turn it on again after the import is finished. On the Windows PC, open Parallels Transporter Agent by clicking the Start menu and choosing All Programs > Parallels > Parallels Transporter Agent.

27

Install or Import Windows

4 5 6 7

On your Mac, open Parallels Desktop and choose File > New. Select Migrate from a PC and click Continue. Select Network and click Continue. Find the passcode displayed in Parallels Wizard on your Mac and enter it in Parallels Transporter Agent on your Windows PC. You can also connect to the source Windows PC using its name or IP address. To do so, click Use IP address instead, select the Windows PC name from the list or type the IP address, and click Continue.

28

Install or Import Windows

If you have chosen to use the computer name or IP address, provide the Windows administrator credentials. Parallels Desktop connects to Parallels Transporter Agent and starts collecting information about the source computer. If the Windows Installation Files window appears, insert the Windows installation disc into your Mac and click Continue.

10 If you don't want to log in to Windows automatically whenever you start up Windows, select Do not enable Automatic Logon. When ready, click Continue. 11 Choose whether you want to migrate all your files and data or only Windows applications. When ready, click Continue. 12 Select how you want to use Windows: Like a Mac: Windows programs appear on the Mac desktop, just like Mac applications. Documents and media from Mac OS X and Windows are kept together on your Mac. Like a PC: The Windows desktop and programs appear in a single window, separate from Mac applications. You can drag and drop objects between Windows and the Mac. 13 Choose where you want to install your data. You can also click Customize and select which Windows volumes to migrate.

29

Install or Import Windows

When ready, click Continue. 14 In the next step there's a warning about Windows activation that might be required when you start using it. To proceed, read this message, select I want to continue and click Continue. 15 Once the migration is complete, click Done. 16 Start Windows (p. 39). 17 When Windows boots up, choose Virtual Machine > Install Parallels Tools and follow the onscreen instructions.
Note: To be able to install Parallels Tools, you must be logged in to Windows as an administrator.

Using an External Storage Device


Important: After importing your data, you may need to reactivate some of your Windows programs using the activation keys you received when you purchased the programs.

To import your data from a PC using an external storage device:


1 2 3 Connect an external storage device to your Windows PC. On the Windows PC, open Parallels Transporter Agent by clicking the Start menu and choosing All Programs > Parallels > Parallels Transporter Agent. Click the external storage device icon.

30

Install or Import Windows

4 5 6 7

Click Next. Parallels Transporter Agent collects information about the Windows PC. If you don't want to log in to Windows automatically whenever you start up Windows, select Do not enable Automatic Logon. When ready, click Next. Choose whether you want to migrate all your files and data or only Windows applications. When ready, click Next. Choose where you want to store your data. You can also click Customize and select which Windows volumes to migrate.

31

Install or Import Windows

When ready, click Next. 8 9 In the next step there's a warning about Windows activation that might be required when you start using it. To proceed, read this message, select I want to continue and click Next. Once the migration is complete, click Done to quit Parallels Transporter Agent.

10 Disconnect the storage device from the Windows PC and connect it to your Mac. 11 On your Mac, open Parallels Desktop and choose File > New. 12 Select Migrate from a PC and click Continue. 13 Select External Storage Device and click Continue. 14 Click Choose and locate where you chose to store your data in step 7. Then click Continue. 15 Select how you want to use Windows: Like a Mac: Windows programs appear on the Mac desktop, just like Mac applications. Documents and media from Mac OS X and Windows are kept together on your Mac. Like a PC: The Windows desktop and programs appear in a single window, separate from Mac applications. You can drag and drop objects between Windows and the Mac. 16 Choose where you want to install Windows and your data, and then click Continue. 17 Once the migration is complete, click Done. 18 Start Windows (p. 39). 19 When Windows boots up, choose Virtual Machine > Install Parallels Tools and follow the onscreen instructions.
Note: To be able to install Parallels Tools, you must be logged in to Windows as an administrator.

Solving Problems
Read this section if you have problems importing your data from a Windows PC.

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Install or Import Windows

General Tips
This section provides solutions to some errors that may occur during the import process.

Parallels Transporter Agent Doesn't Work Correctly


If you experience any problems while importing, make sure that the snapman.sys driver is installed in C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\. If the snapman.sys driver is not installed, follow these steps: 1 2 3 4 5 Uninstall Parallels Transporter Agent. Restart your Windows PC. Reinstall Parallels Transporter Agent. Restart your Windows PC again. Try to import Windows and your data again.

Import is Interrupted by an Error


If the import process is interrupted by an error, do the following: 1 2 3 4 5 From the Start menu, choose My Computer. In the Hard Disk Drives pane, right-click the volume you want to import, and choose Properties. In the Properties pane, click the Tools tab, and in the Error Checking section, click the Check Now button. In the Check Disk window, select Automatically fix file system errors and Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors, and then click Start. Wait till the disk is scanned and errors are fixed.

Dynamic Volumes are not Imported


Only basic volumes can be imported. You can't import dynamic volumes using Parallels Desktop. The only way to import the data stored on a dynamic disk is to copy the data to a basic disk on your Mac and then import the basic disk.

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Install or Import Windows

If Your Mac Fails to Connect with Parallels Transporter Agent


Firewall applications may block connections between your Mac and Parallels Transporter Agent on the Windows PC.

Firewall problems in Mac OS X


If your Mac fails to connect with Parallels Transporter Agent on your Windows PC, the reason may be that the built-in Mac firewall blocks the connection to Parallels Transporter Agent. To enable connections between your Mac and Parallels Transporter Agent and prevent further blocking, you can configure the firewall settings in Mac OS X by doing the following: 1 2 3 From the Apple menu, choose System Preferences, and then click Security. Click the Firewall tab. Configure the necessary settings.

If you try to search for Parallels Transporter Agent by typing the Windows PC IP address manually, you may receive a message saying that Parallels Transporter Agent is blocked. Click the Unblock button.

Firewall problems in Windows


Microsoft Windows operating system has a built-in firewall that blocks connections to and from other computers. When starting Parallels Transporter Agent for the fist time, you may see a message saying that Windows Firewall has blocked some features of the program. To enable the connection between your Mac and Parallels Transporter Agent, click Unblock. To prevent this problem from happening again, add Parallels Desktop and/or Parallels Transporter Agent to the firewall exceptions (the list of applications allowed to communicate through the firewall): 1 2 3 From the Start menu, choose Control Panel > Network Connections. In the Network Tasks pane, click Change Windows Firewall Settings. Add Parallels Desktop and/or Transporter Agent to the firewall exceptions list.

If Parallels Doesn't Detect Windows Correctly


If Parallels Desktop detects the source operating system (Microsoft Windows XP or Windows Vista computer) incorrectly, make sure that neither of your Windows programs are running in compatibility mode - a special mode of Windows allowing you to run applications that are incompatible with your version of Windows. See Windows Help for more information. 34

Install or Import Windows

Problems Using a Program After an Import


Programs that depend on specific hardware may not work in Parallels Desktop. If you import from several source volumes, the disk drive letters are changed. Make sure that the program paths are set correctly. See Windows Help for more information.

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Install or Import Windows

Use Boot Camp with Parallels Desktop


Boot Camp is a feature of Mac OS X that lets you start up your Mac in Windows. If you have already installed Windows on your Mac using Boot Camp, you can set Parallels Desktop to work with Boot Camp using either of these two options: Set Parallels Desktop to run Windows from the Boot Camp partition: Changes you make in Windows programs either while working in Mac OS X or when you start up your Mac in Windows using Boot Camp will be reflected in both places. Windows running from Boot Camp has the following limitations: It can't be paused It can't be saved as a snapshot (p. 124) It can't run in Safe Mode It can't be compressed Import Windows and your data from Boot Camp into Parallels Desktop: Windows running from Parallels Desktop doesn't have the above listed limitations. Boot Camp and Parallels Desktop are separate. Changes you make in Windows programs while working in Mac OS X are not reflected when you start up your Mac in Windows using Boot Camp.

Set Parallels Desktop to run Windows from the Boot Camp Partition
1 2 Open Parallels Desktop (in the Applications folder) and choose File > New. Click Boot Camp, and then follow the onscreen instructions.

Note: If you plan to start up in Windows using Boot Camp, it is recommended that you shut down Windows in Parallels Desktop rather than suspending Windows.

Import Windows and Your Data from Boot Camp into Parallels Desktop
1 2 Set Parallels Desktop to use Boot Camp, as described in the steps above. Right-click (Control-click) the Boot Camp version of Windows in the Parallels Virtual Machines list and choose Import Boot Camp.
Note: Windows must be shut down.

3 4

Click Import. Locate where you want to store Windows and your data, and then click Choose. Windows and all your data are imported from Boot Camp. You can still use the original Boot Camp Windows installation, separately from Parallels Desktop.

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Install or Import Windows

Important: The first time you start Windows after setting Parallels Desktop to work with Boot Camp, Parallels Tools are installed to allow seamless operation between Windows and Mac OS X. Once Parallels Tools are installed, you're prompted to restart Windows.

Import from an Earlier Parallels Desktop or Other Virtualization Application


With Parallels Desktop 7 for Mac you can use Windows that you set up using earlier versions of Parallels Desktop, as well as VMware Fusion, Microsoft Virtual PC, and Virtualbox: 1 2 Open Parallels Desktop (in the Applications folder) and choose File > Open. Select the Windows data file you want to import, then click Open. Parallels Desktop data files end with .pvm. VMware files end with .vmx. Virtual PC files end with .vmc. VirtualBox files end with .xml or .vbox. You can also simply drag a Parallels .pvm file to the Parallels Virtual Machines list to add it to Parallels Desktop. 3 4 Start Windows (p. 39). Choose Virtual Machine > Install Parallels Tools and follow the onscreen instructions.

37

CHAPTER 4

Use Windows on Your Mac


Read this chapter to find out all about using Windows programs on your Mac. Learn how to get started using Windows programs, set how Windows programs work with Mac OS X, share applications, files, and folders between Mac OS X and Windows, connect devices, print, customize your keyboard, and more.

In This Chapter
Get Started .............................................................................................................. 38 Set How Windows Works with Mac OS X................................................................. 49 Mouse, Trackpad, and Keyboard ............................................................................. 73 Connect USB Devices .............................................................................................. 80 Print from Windows .................................................................................................. 83 Use the Built-in iSight Camera or Another Webcam.................................................. 92 Protect Your Data..................................................................................................... 92 Connect to the Internet or a Network........................................................................ 97 Optimize Performance.............................................................................................. 102 Use Windows on Your iPad, iPhone, or iPod touch .................................................. 108 Save a Picture of the Screen .................................................................................... 109 Set the Appearance of the Parallels Desktop Dock Icon ........................................... 110

Get Started
In this section, learn how to start Windows, open a Windows program, install more Windows programs, and shut down or suspend Windows.

In This Section
Start Windows.......................................................................................................... 39 Open a Windows Program ....................................................................................... 40 Install Windows Programs ........................................................................................ 45 Shut Down or Suspend Windows............................................................................. 46

Use Windows on Your Mac

Start Windows
To use Windows programs on your Mac, Windows must be running. The simplest way to start Windows is to open a Windows program (p. 40). If Windows isn't already running when you open a Windows program, it starts automatically in Coherence mode (p. 50).
Important: If Windows was previously shut down, you may need to enter your Windows password.

You can also start Windows by doing the following: 1 2 Open Parallels Desktop. In the Parallels Virtual Machines window, click the Power Button next to Windows.

Click anywhere in the Windows window that appears.

Windows starts and you can begin using Windows programs alongside Mac OS X.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Open a Windows Program


Opening a Windows program is as easy as opening a Mac application. Here are several ways to open Windows programs: From the Windows Applications folder in the Dock From the Windows Start menu From the Mac OS X Finder From the Dock Using Spotlight searching Using Launchpad (if you are using Mac OS X Lion)
in the

Note: All Windows program icons can be easily identified by the Parallels Desktop symbol lower-right corner of the icon.

Windows Applications Folder


If you opted to use Windows "Like a Mac" when you first installed Windows, a Windows Applications folder is in the Mac OS X Dock. This folder contains all your Windows programs. As you install more programs, they are automatically added.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

To open a Windows program using the Windows Applications folder: Click the folder, and then choose a program.

To add the Windows applications folder to the Dock: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Options and then click Applications. Be sure Share Windows applications with Mac is selected, and then select Show Windows applications folder in Dock.

Windows Start Menu


To open a Windows program from the Start menu: 1 Click the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Windows Start Menu.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

42

Use Windows on Your Mac

Note: You can also Command-click or Right-click the Parallels icon.

Click the program you want.

Mac OS X Finder
You can also open a program by double-clicking its icon in the Finder. To find Windows programs in the Finder: Double-click the Windows volume on the desktop, and then open the Program Files folder.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Note: To show the Windows volume on the desktop, the Mac OS X Finder must be enabled to show connected servers. Click anywhere on the desktop and choose Finder > Preferences, and then select Connected servers.

You can make an alias for a Windows program on the Mac OS X desktop, then double-click it anytime to open the program. To make an alias for a Windows program on the Mac OS X desktop: Select the program in the Finder and choose File > Make Alias. Then drag the alias icon to the desktop.

Program Icon in the Dock


When you open a Windows program, its icon appears in the Mac OS X Dock at the bottom of the screen. By default when you close the program, the icon disappears from the Dock. Keeping a program's icon in the Dock provides a quick way to open the program anytime. To keep a Windows program's icon in the Dock, do one of the following: Right-click or Control-click the Windows program icon in the Dock and choose Keep in Dock from the shortcut menu. Drag the program's icon from the Finder to the Dock.

Now you can open the program again anytime by clicking the icon in the Dock.

Spotlight
You can search for and open Windows programs using Spotlight: Click the Spotlight icon in the upper-right corner of your screen, or press Command-Space bar on your keyboard. Then type the name of the program and select it from the list.

Launchpad
If you're using Mac OS X Lion, you can see a full screen display of all your Windows programs and Mac applications using Launchpad. Just click the Launchpad icon (looks like a rocket) in the Dock. You can then click any Mac OS X application to open it. To open a Windows program, click the Windows folder and then click the program you want.
Note: The Windows folder is available in Launchpad only if sharing Windows programs (p. 67) is enabled.

To move a Windows program from the Windows folder to a main Launchpad page, do one of the following: 44 From Launchpad, click the folder containing your Windows programs and drag a program to the Launchpad icon in the Dock.

Use Windows on Your Mac

Start the Windows program you want, right-click its icon in the Dock, and choose Add to Launchpad.

To remove a Windows program from Launchpad, start the program, right-click its icon in the Dock, and choose Remove from Launchpad.

Install Windows Programs


You install Windows programs on your Mac just as you would on a Windows PC. The two most common ways of installing programs are: Using a CD or DVD installation disc Downloading the program or installation file from the Internet or a network

Install a Program from a CD or DVD Installation Disc


1 2 3 Start Windows (p. 39). Insert the installation disc. In most cases, an AutoPlay dialog opens. Click the option to run a setup or install file, then follow the onscreen instructions.

For more information about using CD and DVD discs with Parallels Desktop, see CD/DVD-ROM (p. 179).

Install a Program from the Internet or a Network


Download the program or installation file and follow the instructions from the program's source.

In most cases, you can either run the installation file and follow the onscreen instructions, or simply open the downloaded program. For more information about connecting to the Internet and networks, see Connect to the Internet or a Network (p. 97).

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Shut Down or Suspend Windows


When you're finished using Windows programs, you can leave Windows running in the background as you work with your Mac applications. Or you may want to stop Windows from running so more of your computer's resources are available for your Mac applications. There are a few ways to stop Windows. You can: Suspend Windows Pause Windows Shut down Windows Stop Windows

Suspend Windows
Suspending Windows conveniently freezes all running Windows programs and settings in their current state. Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Actions > Suspend.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Suspend.

The next time you start Windows or open a Windows program, you resume your progress from exactly where you left off. When Windows is suspended, you can safely quit Parallels Desktop and resume your progress later.
Note: If you are using Mac OS X Lion and you shut down or restart your computer, or quit Parallels Desktop, Windows is automatically suspended. The next time you start up Parallels Desktop, you can resume working with Windows from where you left off. If your Windows is encrypted (p. 96), you will have to resume it manually.

Pause Windows
You can temporarily pause from using Windows and free your computer's resources, such as RAM and processor cycles, to be used by your Mac applications by doing one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Actions > Pause.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Pause.

To resume using Windows after pausing it, do one of the following: 46

Use Windows on Your Mac

Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon

in the menu bar and choose Actions > Resume.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Resume.

If you quit Parallels Desktop while Windows is paused, you're prompted to either Suspend or Stop Windows first.

Shut Down Windows


Shutting down Windows in Parallels Desktop is just like shutting down Windows on a PC. All Windows programs close, giving you the opportunity to save your progress if necessary, and Windows stops running. To shut down Windows, do one of the following. Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Actions > Shut Down.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Shut Down.

Stop Windows
To stop Windows and all open Windows programs immediately, do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Actions > Stop.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Stop.

Important: When you stop Windows this way, none of your data or progress is saved.

Window Menu
If Windows is set to appear in a separate window, you can also choose any of the above options from the menu at the bottom of the window:

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Startup and Shutdown Settings


Using Startup and Shutdown settings, you can: Set whether Windows starts automatically when you open Parallels Desktop Set which view mode (Coherence, Window, or Full Screen) Windows starts up in when you open it from the Parallels Virtual Machines list. Set what happens when you shut down Windows Set what happens when you close the Parallels Desktop window

To access Startup and Shutdown settings: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 Click Options and select Startup and Shutdown.

Set Whether Windows Starts Automatically


Choose one of the following from the Start Automatically menu: Never: Windows never starts automatically. When window opens: Windows starts automatically when you open it from the Parallels Virtual Machines list. When Parallels Desktop starts: Windows starts automatically when you start Parallels Desktop.

Note: Windows starts when you open a Windows program (p. 40) regardless of this setting.

Set the Startup View


This setting affects the Windows view mode only when you open Windows from the Parallels Virtual Machines list. If you start Windows by opening a Windows program, it always starts in Coherence view. From the Startup View menu, choose Coherence, Window, Full Screen, Modality or Same as last time.

Set What Happens When You Shut Down Windows


Choose one of the following from the On Shutdown menu: 48 Keep window open: If Windows is set to appear in a separate window, the window stays open when you stop or shut down Windows.

Use Windows on Your Mac

Close window: If Windows is set to appear in a separate window, the window closes when you stop or shut down Windows. Quit Parallels Desktop: Parallels Desktop quits when you stop or shut down Windows.

Set What Happens When You Close the Parallels Desktop Window
These settings affect what happens only when Windows is set to appear in a separate window. From the On Window Close menu, choose Suspend, Force to stop, or Ask me what to do.

Set How Windows Works with Mac OS X


Parallels Desktop 7 for Mac allows you to work seamlessly between Windows and Mac OS X. For example, you can cut and paste text, and share files, between the two. There are a number of ways that you can set the level of integration between Windows and Mac OS X. For example, you may want your Windows programs to behave just like Mac applications, appearing side-by-side with them on the Mac desktop. Or you may wish to keep the Windows desktop and programs in a separate window. Read on to learn more about setting how Windows works together with Mac OS X.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Merge Windows and Mac OS X


You can set Windows and Mac OS X to work seamlessly together, as if they were part of a single operating system. In this mode, called Coherence mode, Windows programs appear on the Mac desktop next to your Mac applications, and documents from Windows programs and Mac applications are stored in the same folders.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

If you opted to use Windows "Like a Mac" when you first installed Windows, Parallels Desktop is already set to Coherence mode.

Switch to Coherence Mode


To switch from Window mode to Coherence mode, do one of the following: Choose View > Enter Coherence. Press Control-Command-Return.

To switch from Full Screen mode to Coherence mode, do one of the following: Press Control-Option (Alt), click the View menu and select Exit Full Screen. Then open the View menu and click Enter Coherence. Move the pointer to the upper-left corner of the screen until the corner peels back and click Exit Full Screen. Then choose View > Enter Coherence.

Note: To enable the Coherence view mode, Parallels Tools must be installed (p. 195). In most cases, Parallels Tools are installed by default.

Parallels Menu
When in Coherence mode, the Parallels menu appears in the menu bar at the top of the screen.

51

Use Windows on Your Mac

Use the menu for these common functions: Click the Parallels icon to open a basic menu that provides the following items:

Windows Start Menu: Access the Windows Start menu. Devices: Manage hardware devices like printers and DVD drives. Exit Coherence: Switch to Window mode Request Support: Fill out a problem report and request support from Parallels Desktop. Parallels Desktop Help: Access onscreen help. Quit: Quit Parallels Desktop. Right-click the icon to open the Windows start menu. Option-click (Alt-click) the icon to open an extended menu. The extended menu includes additional options, including Report a Problem, Configure, Preferences, and many others.
in the menu

Important: When in Coherence mode, to quit Parallels Desktop, click the Parallels icon bar and choose Quit Parallels Desktop.

Windows System Tray


When Parallels Desktop is in Coherence mode, the Windows system tray icons are in the Mac OS X menu bar at the top of the screen.

You can use the system tray icons just as you would from the Windows Desktop.

Move Windows Programs Between Spaces


When Windows is working in Coherence, you can easily move windows of guest OS programs between Mac OS X spaces. Click the title bar of the window you want to move and while holding down the mouse button, press Control-# (# is the number of the space you want to move the window to).

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Adjust Coherence Settings


You can customize how Windows appears and behaves when in Coherence mode. To customize Coherence mode: 3 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon click Options. in the menu bar and choose Configure, and then

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Parallels Desktop > Configure, and then click Options. 4 Click Coherence.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Select or deselect any of the following: Use Crystal Mode:Deselect to disableCrystal mode. With Crystal mode disabled, the Parallels Desktop menu bar becomes visible, and the level of integration between Mac OS X and Windows is reduced. Show Windows notification area in menu bar: Select to display the Windows system tray icons in the Mac OS X menu bar. Allow applications to switch to full screen: Some programs, most notably 3D games, work best when running at full screen. Select this option to allow such programs to take over the full screen when you open them while in Coherence mode. Disable Windows Aero: The Windows Aero theme includes elements such as translucent title bars and animations. Select this option to disable the Aero theme, for better performance.

Set Windows to Appear in a Single Window


You can set the Windows and programs to appear together in their own window. If you opted to use Windows "Like a PC" when you first installed Windows, Parallels Desktop is already set to Window mode.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

To switch to Window mode from Coherence mode, do one of the following: Click the Parallels icon in the menu bar, then choose Exit Coherence.

Press Control-Command-Return.

To switch to Window mode from Full Screen mode, do one of the following: Press Command-Control-F. Press Control-Option (Alt), click the View menu and select Exit Full Screen.

Status Bar
When using Parallels Desktop in Window mode, the status bar at the bottom of the window shows clickable icons. The icons are shortcuts that let you control various functions. Most of the icons let you connect and disconnect hardware devices to and from Windows.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Note: If you don't see the status bar, click the triangle next to the gear icon.

The following devices have the icons on the status bar: Keyboard Floppy disk drive CD/DVD drive Hard disk Network adapter Sound card USB controller Shared folders Serial port Parallel port icon appears in the status bar, Parallels Tools are installed.

If the

To connect or disconnect a device, such as the DVD drive, from Windows, click the device icon to display its shortcut menu and select the command.

You can also connect images of discs to Windows as if they were physical DVDs, CDs, or floppy disks. To do so, drag the image file over the CD/DVD-ROM drive or floppy disk icon on the status bar.

Hide/Show Status Bar


If you don't need the status bar while working with Windows, you can hide it (click View > Hide Status Bar) and make visible again when necessary (click View > Show Status Bar).

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Adjust Window Mode Settings


You can customize how Parallels Desktop appears and behaves when in Window mode.

Set Whether Windows Programs Show in the Dock:


You can choose whether or not to show icons for Windows programs in the Mac OS X Dock when in Window mode. If you prefer to work with programs by manipulating them on the Windows desktop, you may not want to be distracted by seeing them in the Dock alongside your Mac OS X application icons. 6 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 7 8 Click Options and then click Applications. To show Windows program icons in the Dock when in Window mode, deselect Show Dock icons in Coherence only.

Set Whether Animations are Used for Some Actions


By default when you pause, suspend, or shut down Windows, the Parallels Desktop window becomes animated. If you find this distracting, you can turn off the animations. 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon then click General. in the menu bar and choose Preferences, and

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Parallels Desktop > Preferences, and then click General. 2 Select or deselect Use animations.

Monitoring Windows in a Scalable Window


You can set Windows to appear in a window that can be resized to any size so that the content scales in size with the window. This is called Modality mode. Modality mode can be useful if you want to monitor programs and other tasks running in Windows as you work in Mac OS X. To switch to Modality mode: From Window mode, choose View > Modality.

For more information on Modality mode, see the Modality mode settings topic (p. 154).

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Set Windows to Take Up the Whole Screen


You can set Windows to occupy your entire screen, so it looks just like it would if you were using a Windows PC. In Full Screen mode, Mac OS X and all of the Parallels Desktop controls are hidden. To switch to Full Screen mode, do one of the following: From Coherence mode, click the Parallels icon in the menu bar, then choose Exit Coherence. Then click the View menu and select Enter Full Screen. From Window mode, choose View > Enter Full Screen.

If you are using Mac OS X Lion and in Window mode, click the Full Screen icon (double-arrows) in the upper-right corner of the window. To exit Full Screen mode, do one of the following: Press Command-Control-F. If one of the screen corners is configured to exit Full Screen (see below), move the pointer to that corner until it peels back, and then click Exit Full Screen.

If you are using Mac OS X Lion and one of the screen corners is set to show the menu bar (p. 59), move the pointer to that corner and then click the Full Screen button in the top-right corner of the menu.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Adjust Full Screen Settings


You can customize how Windows appears and behaves when in Full Screen mode. To access Full Screen settings: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon click Options. in the menu bar and choose Configure, and then

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure, and then click Options. 2 Click Full Screen.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

In this Full Screen pane, you can adjust any of the settings listed below.

Set Actions for Screen Corners


Parallels active screen corners allow you to exit Full Screen, display the Mac OS X menu bar and Dock. If you're using Mac OS X Lion, Parallels active screen corners are disabled by default. If you want to use Parallels active screen corners instead of Mac OS X hot corners, select Active Screen Corners. To set which action is performed for a screen corner, select one of the following from the menu near that corner: Exit Full Screen: Moving the pointer to the corner until it peels back and then clicking Exit Full Screen switches the view to Window mode (p. 54). Show menu bar: Moving the pointer to the corner shows the Mac OS X menu bar. Show Dock: Moving the pointer to the corner shows the Mac OS X Dock.

Note: If you're using Mac OS X Snow Leopard or Mac OS X Leopard and active screen corners such as Expose or Screen Saver are set in Mac OS X preferences, those settings take precedence over Full Screen mode active screen corner settings. You must deactivate Mac OS X active screen corners to enable Full Screen mode active screen corners. See Mac Help for more information.

Adjust Windows to Fill the Screen Exactly


In some cases when you switch to Full Screen mode, Windows resolution may not automatically be set to match the Mac screen resolution. If Windows resolution is lower, you see a black border around the Windows desktop. If higher, you must scroll to see all of the Windows desktop. To set the Windows resolution to automatically match that of the Mac when you switch to Full Screen mode, so the Windows desktop expands to fill the screen: Select Adjust Mac resolution in full screen.

Using All Displays in Full Screen


If you have multiple displays connected to your Mac, you can set Windows to occupy all of the displays when set to Full Screen mode: Select Use all displays in full screen.

Note: To prevent unauthorized changes to Full Screen settings, click the Lock icon at the bottom of the window. Once locked, an administrator's password is required to make further changes.

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Use Windows on Your Mac

Set Windows to Look Like Mac OS X


If you aren't used to working with Windows, you can make your Windows 7, Windows Vista and Windows XP look like Mac OS X. Windows icons, fonts, colors, and other elements take on a Maclike appearance. To set Windows to look like Mac OS X: 1 2 In Parallels Desktop, start Windows (p. 39). Once Windows starts, do one of the following: Option-click the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose View > Use MacLook.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose View > Use MacLook. To revert to a Windows appearance, repeat step 2 above to deselect Use MacLook.

Copy and Paste Between Mac OS X and Windows


Parallels Desktop allows you to copy and paste pictures, formatted text (italic, bold, or underlined, of various colors, fonts, and sizes) between Mac OS X applications and Windows programs. If you opted to use Windows "Like a Mac" when you first installed Windows, copying and pasting between Mac OS X and Windows is already enabled. To enable copying and pasting between Mac OS X and Windows: 3 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 4 5 6 Click Options > Advanced. Select Share Mac clipboard. To preserve text formatting when copying and pasting text, select Preserve text formatting.

Note: To enable copying and pasting between Mac OS X and Windows, Parallels Tools (p. 195) must be installed. In most cases, Parallels Tools are installed by default. Copying and pasting between Mac OS X and Windows is unavailable if you isolate Mac OS X from Windows.

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Set a Program to Open When You Insert a CD or DVD


You can set the Windows program of your choice to open when you insert a music CD, picture CD, video DVD, or a blank CD or DVD. 1 2 3 4 From the Mac OS X Finder, choose Apple menu > System Preferences. Click CDs & DVDs. From the disc type menu of your choice, choose Open other application. Choose a Windows program from /username/Applications (Parallels)/Windows Applications.

When you insert a disc of the type you selected, the Windows program you chose automatically opens.
Note: 1.If you're unable to set a Windows program to open when you insert a CD or DVD, be sure that sharing Mac OS X applications (p. 67) is enabled and that Mac OS X CD/DVD-ROM is not selected in CD/DVD Preferences (p. 179). 2. To enable a Windows program to open when you insert a CD or DVD, Parallels Tools must be installed (p. 195). In most cases, Parallels Tools are installed by default.

Share Items Between Mac OS X and Windows


Parallels Desktop allows you to easily access your Mac OS X files using Windows programs, and also to access Windows files using Mac OS X applications. Read on to learn about all the ways you can share folders, files, and applications between Mac OS X and Windows.

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Share Files and Folders


Parallels Desktop allows you to share folders between the Mac OS X and Windows file systems, so you can easily open Mac OS X files from Windows programs and Windows files from Mac OS X applications.

Set Mac OS X and Windows to Use the Same Folders


You can set Mac OS X and Windows to use the same folders for things like music, documents, pictures, your desktop, and deleted files. So for example, if you save a file to the Documents folder, it will be in the Documents folder whether you're using a Mac OS X application or a Windows program.
Note: If you selected "Like a Mac" when you installed and set up Windows, Mac OS X and Windows are already set to use the same folders.

1 2

Start Windows. (p. 39) Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 3 4 Click Options and select Sharing. Select the checkbox next to Share Mac user folders with Windows. Your Mac OS X Desktop, Documents, Pictures, Music, Movies, and Downloads folders are merged with the corresponding Windows folders, and the Mac OS X Trash is merged with the Windows Recycle Bin. 5 If you only want to map some of the folders, click Configure and select the folders you want. To map the Mac OS Trash to the Windows Recycle Bin, select Merge with Mac's Trash.

Access a Mac OS X Folder or File from a Windows Program


With folder sharing enabled, you can navigate to any shared Mac OS X folder from within a Windows program. When you open a file (for example, by choosing File > Open in many programs), your shared Mac OS X folders appear as network shared directories labeled "psf."
Note: If you selected "Like a Mac" when you installed and set up Windows, the folders in your Mac OS X Home folder are already shared and accessible from Windows programs.

To enable Mac OS X folders for sharing with Windows programs: 1 2 Start Windows. (p. 39) Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure. 63

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If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 3 Click Options and select Sharing.

Do one of the following: To share just the folders in your Home folder, choose Home folder only from the Shared Folders menu. To share all your Mac OS X folders, choose All disks from the Shared Folders menu. To share any folder you want, click Custom Folders and click the add (+) button, then choose the folder you want to share. You can add more folders by clicking the add (+) button again.

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Once you share a Mac OS X folder with Windows you can: Disable the folder sharing by deselecting On. Change the folder name that will be displayed in Windows by double-clicking the folder name in the Name column and typing another name. Restrict writing to this folder by clicking Read & Write in the Permissions folder and choosing Read only. You will not be able to add items to the folder. 5 Click OK.

Note: 1. To enable folder sharing, the Isolate Mac from Windows option must be disabled in the Security pane of the Configuration dialog. 2. If you're running Linux, shared folders are mounted to the /media/psf or /mnt/psf directory.

Show an Item from Windows in the Finder


If Windows is set to appear in a separate window or in full screen mode (p. 54), you can show an item from Windows in the Mac OS X Finder. In Windows, right-click (or Control-click) a file or folder and choose Show in Finder from the shortcut menu.

From the Finder you could, for example, apply a color label to an item, or easily drag it to another location in the Finder.
Note: You can only perform these actions with files stored in shared folders (p. 63).

Access a Windows Folder or File from a Mac OS X Application


By default, you can navigate to all your Windows folders and files from Mac OS X. Windows disks are mounted to /Volumes. At the same time, Windows appears as a hard disk mounted on the Mac OS X desktop. Double-click the icon to access Windows folders and files. You can also navigate to this disk from within Mac OS X applications.

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Note: If the Windows disk icon doesn't appear on the Mac OS X desktop, from the Finder choose Finder > Preferences > General and make sure that Connected servers is selected.

To unmount Windows from the desktop: 1 2 Start Windows. (p. 39) Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon Options and select Sharing. in the menu bar and choose Configure. Then click

Note: If Windows is running in Window mode (p. 54), choose Configure from the Virtual Machine menu.

Deselect Mount virtual disks to Mac desktop.


Note: The Windows disk disappears from the desktop and the Finder, but you can still access all of the Windows files and folders via the Windows PVM file and Terminal (/Volumes). By default, the PVM file is either in /Users/<Username>/Documents/Parallels/ or /Users/Shared. You can also find the PVM file by right-clicking Windows in the Parallels Virtual Machines list and selecting Show in Finder. To access Windows files and folders, right-click the PVM file, select Show Package Contents from the context menu, and open the Windows Disks folder. To disable the ability to navigate to Windows files and folders, deselect Access Windows folders from Mac in step 3 above.

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Share Applications and Programs


You can access Mac OS X applications from within Windows and you can access Windows programs from Mac OS X. For example, if you locate a file using the Open menu in a Windows program and decide you would rather open the file using a Mac OS X application, you can. If you opted to use Windows "Like a Mac" when you first installed Windows, sharing applications is already enabled.

Enable Sharing Mac OS X Applications


When sharing Mac OS X applications is enabled, you can open Mac OS X Applications from within Windows or Windows programs. If not, you can enable it at any time by doing the following: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Options and click Applications. Select Share Mac applications with Windows.

Once sharing Mac OS X applications is enabled, you can do the tasks below.

Open a File from Windows in a Mac OS X Application


You can open a file in a Mac OS X application from Windows Explorer, from the Open dialog in most Windows programs, or from Windows Desktop if Windows is set to appear in a separate Window or at full screen (p. 54). You may want to do this if you don't have a Windows program that can open the file. In Windows, right-click (or Control-click) a file and do one of the following: Choose Open on Mac from the shortcut menu. The file opens in the default Mac OS X application for that file type. Choose Open With from the shortcut menu, and then choose an application.
Note: You can only perform these actions with files stored in shared folders (p. 63).

Open a Mac Application from the Windows Start Menu


From the Windows Start menu, do one of the following: Choose All Programs > Parallels Shared Applications, and then choose an application. 67

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Type the name of the application you're looking for in the search field, then choose the application from the list.

Enable Sharing Windows Programs


When sharing Windows programs is enabled, you can open Windows programs from the Mac OS X Finder. You can also choose to add a folder to the Dock containing all your Windows programs for easy access. 4 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 5 6 Click Options and click Applications. Select Share Windows applications with Mac.

Add a Windows Applications Folder to the Dock


1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Options and then click Applications. Be sure Share Windows applications with Mac is selected, and then select Show Windows applications folder in Dock.

Force Quit Windows Programs


If your running Windows guest OS program doesn't respond and freezes, you can easily force quit it as you can do with any Mac OS X application. To force quit a Windows program, do one of the following: Right-click the icon of the Windows program available in the Dock, press Option (Alt), and choose Force Quit. Press Option + Command + Esc (Alt + Command + Esc), select the name of the Windows program you want to quit, and click Force Quit.

Note: To be able to force quit Windows guest OS programs, Parallels Tools installed (p. 195). If you selected Like a Mac when you first installed Windows, Parallels Tools should already be installed.

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Set Files to Open in the Application or Program of Your Choice


You can set files of a particular type that you open from the Mac OS X Finder to open in the Windows program of your choice. For example, you could set files ending in .txt to always open in Windows Notepad. You can also set files opened from Windows to always open in the Mac OS X application of your choice.

Set Mac OS X Files of a Particular Type to Open in a Windows Program


To open a Mac OS X file once with a Windows program: 1 2 Right-click (or Control-click) the file in the Finder and choose Open With from the shortcut menu. Select a Windows program. If you don't see the program you want, click Other and choose a Windows program from /username/Applications (Parallels)/Windows Applications. You can also open a Mac OS X file in a Windows program by dragging it to the program's icon in the Dock. To set files of a particular type to always open in a Windows program: 1 2 3 Right-click (or Control-click) a file and choose Get Info from the shortcut menu. Click the triangle next to "Open with" to expand the section. Choose a Windows program from the pop-up menu. If you don't see the program you want, choose Other and choose a Windows program from /username/Applications (Parallels)/Windows Applications. 4 Click Change All.

From this point on, double-clicking a file of this type (.txt in the example above) in the Mac OS X Finder opens the file in the Windows program. If Windows is shut down, suspended, or paused, double-clicking the file starts or resumes Windows in Coherence mode. When Windows starts up, the file opens in the Windows program.

Set Windows Files of a Particular Type to Open in a Mac OS X Application


To open a Windows file with a Mac OS X application only this time: Right-click (or Control-click) the file in Windows, choose Open With from the shortcut menu, and choose an application.

To set all files of a particular file type to open in a Mac OS X application:

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1. Right-click (or Control-click) a file in Windows, choose Open With from the shortcut menu, and click Choose default program. 2. Select an application, choose Always use the selected program to open this kind of file, and click OK.
Note: To set files to open in the application or program of your choice, Parallels Tools must be installed (p. 195). In most cases, Parallels Tools are installed by default. Also, the Isolate Mac from Windows (p. 94) option must be disabled, and Windows application sharing (p. 67) must be enabled.

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Setting Internet Links to Always Open in Mac OS X or Windows


By default, clicking a link (such as a web page URL) in Windows opens the default Windows program for that link type, and clicking a link in Mac OS X opens the default Mac OS X application. You can set links of a particular type to always open in Mac OS X or in Windows. For example, you could set web pages to always open in Windows Internet Explorer, even if the link is clicked in a Mac OS X application.
Note: To set Internet links to open in Mac OS X or Windows, Parallels Tools must be installed (p. 195). In most cases, Parallels Tools are installed by default.

To set Internet links to open in Mac OS X or Windows: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Options and select Applications. Click the menu for the type of link you want to set. If you don't see the link type you want, click More Applications. The following types of links can be set: Web pages: Web pages accessible through the HTTP and HTTPS protocols. E-mail: Links in the mailto format that open a pre-addressed email. Newsgroups: Links in the news. format that typically open a newsreader program. FTP: File upload and download locations accessible through the FTP protocol. RSS: Episodic content, such as blogs and podcasts. Remote access: Locations accessible through the Telnet and Secure Shell (SSH) protocols. 4 Choose one of the following: Default: The link opens in the application or program set as default in the operating system (Mac OS X or Windows) where you click the link. Open in Windows: Links clicked in Mac OS X or Windows open in the default Windows program for that link type. Open in Mac: Links clicked in Mac OS X or Windows open in the default Mac OS X application for that link type.

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Share External Storage Devices and Volumes


When you connect an external storage device, such as a USB drive, to your Mac, you can access the contents from Mac OS X applications. Using SmartMount, you can set Parallels Desktop to automatically mount storage devices and volumes to Windows. That way, you can access the contents from both Mac OS X and Windows. With SmartMount enabled, these items are automatically mounted to Windows: Removable drives: External storage devices, such as USB hard disks and USB flash drives. CD/DVD drives: CD and DVD drives or CD/DVD images (files most commonly ending in .dmg, .iso, and .img.). Network folders: Folders shared over the network.

To enable SmartMount: 5 6 Start Windows. (p. 39) Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 7 8 Click Options and select Sharing. Selec Map Mac volumes to Windows.

When you connect a storage device or volume, it is mounted as a network drive. For example, a USB flash drive plugged in to your Mac will be accessible from both the /Volumes folder in Mac OS X and My Computer in Windows.
Note: Permissions for accessing the mounted device from Windows are the same as permission settings for the device in Mac OS X. For example, if you can read from and write to a USB flash drive in Mac OS X, you can also read from and write to it in Windows. One exception: Mac OS X can't write to NTFS volumes, regardless of permissions.

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Apply Mac OS X Parental Controls to Windows


If you have administrator rights in Mac OS X, you can use parental controls to prevent others with accounts on your Mac from using certain Windows programs or accessing certain web sites. To apply parental control settings: 1 2 3 In Mac OS X, choose Apple menu > System Preferences and click Parental Controls. Click the lock if it's not unlocked, and then enter an administrator name and password. Select the account that you want to restrict, click Enable Parental Controls, and set up the controls. If you want the user to be able to use some Windows programs, be sure to select Parallels Desktop in the list of allowed applications.

For more information on using parental controls, see Mac Help.


Note: To enable copying and pasting between Mac OS X and Windows, Parallels Tools must be installed (p. 195). In most cases, Parallels Tools are installed by default.

Mouse, Trackpad, and Keyboard


Parallels Desktop lets you configure your mouse or trackpad and your keyboard to work just the way you want them to. You can also use trackpad gestures or the optional Apple Remote to control Windows programs just as you can with Mac OS X applications. Read on to learn how to customize how your mouse, trackpad, and keyboard work with Windows programs.

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Set Your Mouse or Trackpad to Right-Click


Many tasks in Windows, such as bringing up shortcut menus, are accomplished by right-clicking. By default, Parallels Desktop is set to mimic a right-click when you press Shift+Control and click the mouse. You can change which key combination triggers a right-click. You can also set your trackpad to allow right-clicking, and if you have an Apple Mighty Mouse (included with Apple desktop computers from 2005-2009) or Magic Mouse (included with current Apple desktop computers), you can set the mouse to allow right-clicking. Most other mice are pre-configured for right-clicking.

Set the Trackpad for Right-Clicking.


1 2 Choose Apple menu > System Preferences and click Trackpad. Select Secondary Tap.

Now you can tap the trackpad with two fingers to simulate a right-click.

Set an Apple Mighty Mouse for Right-Clicking


1 2 Choose Apple menu > System Preferences and click Mouse or Keyboard & Mouse. Choose Secondary Button from the menu to the right of the mouse.

Set an Apple Magic Mouse for Right-Clicking


1 2 Choose Apple menu > System Preferences and click Mouse or Keyboard & Mouse. Select Secondary click.

Set Which Key Combination Triggers a Right-Click


1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Preferences.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Parallels Desktop > Preferences. 2 3 4 5 Click Keyboard. If necessary, click the lock icon and enter an administrator password. Select Use [blank] + to right-click. Click in the text field and press the key or combination of keys that you want to use with a mouse click to trigger a right-click. You can use any combination of the Control, Option (Alt), Shift, and Command keys.

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Control Programs with Trackpad Gestures or the Apple Remote


You can use the Apple Remote to control some Windows programs. If you have an Apple portable computer, such as a Macbook, or if you have an Apple Magic Trackpad, you can use gestures, such as swiping left or right across the trackpad, to control some Windows programs. To use the Apple Remote, you must first enable it by doing the following: 1 2 Start Windows (p. 39). Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 3 4 Click Options, and then click Advanced. Select Enable next to Apple Remote.

The following table provides commands to control some of the more popular Windows applications.
Action General Scroll Microsoft Power Point Start slide show End slide show F5 Esc n/a n/a Swipe right with three fingers Up, down, left, or right arrow n/a Swipe up, down, left, or right with two fingers Keyboard and Mouse Combination Apple Remote Touchpad Gesture

Perform the next animation N, Enter, Page Down, Right or advance to the next Arrow, Down Arrow, Space (or slide click the mouse) Perform the previous animation or return to the previous slide Zoom in/zoom out Microsoft Word/Excel Zoom in/zoom out Windows Media Player Start/pause playback Skip to the next song Space Ctrl+F Ctrl+wheel up /Ctrl+wheel down n/a P, Page Up, Left Arrow, Up Arrow, Backspace Ctrl+wheel up /Ctrl+wheel down n/a

Swipe left with three fingers Pinch open/pinch close

Pinch open/pinch close

n/a Swipe right with three fingers

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Play the previous song Volume up Volume down

Ctrl+B F8, Up Arrow, wheel up F9, Down Arrow, wheel down

Swipe left with three fingers n/a n/a

Media Player Classic (k-lite) Start playback/pause Volume up Volume down Winamp Start playback/pause Volume up Volume down Microsoft Internet Explorer Page back Backspace, Option+Left Arrow (Alt+Left Arrow) Option+Right Arrow (Alt+Right Arrow) Ctrl+wheel up/Ctrl+wheel down n/a or Swipe right with three fingers Swipe left with three fingers Pinch open/pinch close X to start, C to pause Up Arrow, wheel up Down Arrow, wheel down n/a n/a n/a Space F8, Up Arrow, wheel up F9, Down Arrow, wheel down n/a n/a n/a

Page forward Zoom in/zoom out Mozilla Firefox Page back

n/a or

n/a

Backspace, Option+Left Arrow (Alt+Left Arow) Option+Right Arrow (Alt+Right Arrow)

n/a or

Swipe right with three fingers Swipe left with three fingers

Page forward

n/a or

Zoom in/zoom out

Ctrl-wheel up/Ctrl-wheel down or n/a Ctrl-"+"/Ctrl-"-"

Pinch open/pinch close

Windows Picture and Fax Viewer Next image Previous image Right Arrow Left Arrow or Swipe right with three fingers Swipe left with three fingers

Zoom in/zoom out Rotate clockwise Rotate counterclockwise

"+"/"-" Ctrl+K Ctrl+L n/a n/a

Pinch open/pinch close Rotate right with two fingers Rotate left with two fingers

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Customize the Keyboard


Both Mac OS X and Windows provide extensive keyboard shortcuts. For example, in Mac OS X you can hold down the Command key and press Q (Command-Q) to quit the current application. By default, Parallels Desktop maps common Mac OS X keyboard shortcut key combinations to the equivalent Windows key combinations. That way if you're used to, for example, pressing Command-C to copy text in Mac OS X, you don't have to switch to the Windows equivalent, Control-C. You can also use and customize keyboard shortcuts for switching between Coherence, Full Screen, and Window view modes, and for showing and hiding Parallels Desktop.

Customize Keyboard Shortcuts


1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Preferences.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Parallels Desktop > Preferences. 2 3 Click Keyboard. If necessary, click the lock icon and enter an administrator password.

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Pressing a key combination in the From column while working in a Windows program triggers the key combination in the To column. 4 Do one of the following: To edit an existing key combination, double-click the key combination. Click modifier keys to select or deselect them. If you wish, change the character in the text field.

To delete a key combination, select it and click the Remove button To add a new key combination, click the Add button .

To disable a key combination without deleting it, click the checkbox next to the key combination to deselect it. If you're using multiple operating systems with Parallels Desktop, you can create keyboard profiles for each OS (p. 140).
Note: 1. Some key combinations can't be edited or deleted. 2. There are Mac shortcuts that do not have similar shortcuts in Windows, for example, you can use the F11 key or Fn+F11 combination to see your Mac OS desktop with Expose, but in Windows there are no keys or key combinations that enable you to perform the same action, because there is no Expose in Windows.

Enable or Disable Mac OS X System Shortcuts


By default, when a Windows program is active the customizable function keys (F1, F2, F3, and so on) continue to activate Mac OS X functions, such as adjusting the brightness or displaying the Dashboard. To disable or re-enable these functions: Select or deselect Enable Mac OS X system shortcuts checkbox.

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Connect USB Devices


Many USB devices, such as mice and printers, are available by default to both Windows and Mac OS X when you connect them to your Mac. Some USB devices, such as an Apple iPhone, can only be used with either Mac OS X applications or Windows programs, but not both at the same time. When you connect such a device, you can choose whether you want to use it with Mac OS X or Windows. To connect a USB device: 1 2 Connect the device to a USB port on your Mac. If Windows is running and the device can't be used with both Windows and Mac OS X at the same time, you're prompted to choose which one you want to use it with. To use the device with Mac OS X applications, click the Mac icon. To use it with Windows programs, click the Windows screen.

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You can connect up to 15 USB 2.0 and 32 USB 1.1 devices to your Mac and use them with Windows. You can connect and use up to 30 USB printers.
Important: To be able to use a USB device with Windows programs, you may need to install Windows drivers for the device. Typically you can download drivers from the manufacturer's website.

You can also set what happens when any new USB device is connected and set particular USB devices to always be used with either Mac OS X or Windows (p. 81).

Connect a Common Access Card reader


A Common Access Card (CAC) reader can work simultaneously in Mac OS X and Windows. 1 2 Connect the CAC reader to your Mac. When you're prompted to choose Windows or the Mac, click the Windows screen. The CAC reader becomes available to both Windows and Mac OS X.

Adjust USB Settings


In the USB pane of Parallels Desktop Preferences, you can: Set what happens when you connect any new USB device to your Mac. Set a particular USB device to always be used with either Mac OS X or Windows.

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To access USB Settings: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Preferences.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Parallels Desktop > Preferences. 2 Click USB.

Set What Happens When You Connect a New USB Device to Your Mac
Choose one of the following: Connect it to my Mac. New USB devices are automatically available for use with Mac OS X applications. Connect it to the active virtual machine. New USB devices are automatically available for use with Windows programs. If Windows isn't running, the USB device is connected to Mac OS X. Ask me what to do. Each time you connect a USB device, you're prompted to choose whether you want to connect the device to Windows or the Mac.

Set a Particular USB Device to Always Be Used With Mac OS X or Windows


If you know you always want a particular USB device to be available to either Mac OS X or Windows, you can set it to do so by following the instructions below. The device must already have been connected to your Mac at least once. 1 2 3 4 Click the Add (+) button towards the bottom of the window. Select the device from the list. Double-click the word (either Computer or some form of Windows) in the Connect To column. The word becomes a pop-up menu. Do one of the following: To set the device to always be available to Mac OS X applications, choose Computer from the menu. To set the device to always be available to Windows programs, choose Windows from the menu. To remove an existing assignment, so that the device no longer automatically connects to Mac OS X or Windows, select the device in the USB Device column and click the Remove (-) button.
Important: To be able to use a USB device with Windows programs, you may need to install Windows drivers for the device. Typically you can download drivers from the manufacturer's website.

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Print from Windows


By default, Windows is set to use the same printer that you use with Mac OS X. Simply print from a Windows program the way you normally would. You can also set Windows to use a different printer. There are a few ways to set up printing in Windows: Share any of the printers connected to your Mac. Connect to a local printer using Apple Bonjour. Connect to a network printer. Connect a USB printer directly to Windows.

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Share a Printer Connected to Your Mac


If you selected "Like a Mac" when you installed and set up Windows, you can use any printer connected to your Mac with Windows programs. (If you selected "Like a PC", see below for instructions on sharing printers connected to your Mac.) To print a document from a Windows program: Open the document and simply print it the way you normally would (for example, choose File > Print).

In the print window, you can choose any printer that's connected to your Mac.

Set a New Default Printer


By default, Windows is set to use the same default printer as your Mac. To use a different default printer for Windows. 5 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 6 Click Hardware and select Print.
Note: The Print pane is available for Windows 2000 and newer versions of Windows.

Deselect Synchronize default printer.

Now you can set a new default printer in Windows the way you normally would.

Share Printers Connected to Your Mac


If you didn't select "Like a Mac" when you installed and set up Windows, you can set printers connected to your Mac to be available to Windows programs by doing the following: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Hardware and select Print. Select Add all Mac printers.

Add a printer in Linux


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The procedure of adding a printer in a Linux guest operating system depends on the Linux distribution. In this example, we describe how to add a printer to a virtual machine running RHEL 5.4 Server. However, you can use these guidelines as general instructions on how to add a printer to a Linux virtual machine: 1 Start the Linux virtual machine and log in when the guest operating system boots up.
Note: You must log in as root or acquire root privileges after successful login. If you don't do that, you will be required to enter the root password when starting the system-config-printer administration tool in the next step.

Start the system-config-printer administration tool by doing one of the following: Click System > Administration > Printing; or Start the Terminal and enter the following command:

system-config-printer

3 4

In the displayed window, click New Printer. In the next window, you must type a printer name. Under this name the printer will be displayed in your Linux guest operating system. You can also enter the printer description and location. When ready, click Forward. Now you have to specify how your Mac printer will be shared with the virtual machine. As the printer is connected to the virtual machine printer port, select LPT #1 (or another port to which the printer is connected) and click Forward. Then specify the printer manufacturer and model. No matter what printer you have, choose either HP Color LaserJet 8500 PS or Apple Color LW 12/660 PS. When ready, click Forward. Click Apply to finish setting up the printer. Now the printer is properly configured and you can use it to print documents from your Linux virtual machine.

6 7

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Set Up a Printer Using Bonjour


If you have more than one Mac connected to your home network, you can use Apple Bonjour for Windows to share any printer connected to any of them. To see the list of all Windows operating systems supported by Bonjour, please refer to http://support.apple.com/kb/dl999.
Important: To share a Mac printer with Windows via Apple Bonjour, Windows must be configured to work in the Bridged networking mode.

To set up a printer via Bonjour: 1 Be sure the printer you want to use is set to be shared on your Mac. To share a printer, in Mac OS X choose Apple menu > System Preferences and click Print & Fax. Then select the printer and select Share this printer. Open Parallels Desktop and start Windows. When Windows starts, go to http://support.apple.com/kb/dl999 and download the Bonjour for Windows installation package. In Windows, start the Bonjour installation by launching the BonjourPSSetup.exe file from the folder in which it was downloaded. Follow the onscreen instructions to install Bonjour for Windows. Start the Bonjour Printer wizard either by double-clicking its icon on the desktop or by selecting Start -> All Programs -> Bonjour Print Services -> Bonjour Printer Wizard. In the Browse for Bonjour Printers window, select the printer that you want to use and click Next. If the next window you see is Completing the Bonjour Printer Wizard, then the driver required by this printer is available in the Windows driver library and the printer has been successfully configured. Click Finish and you can start using the newly added printer to print documents from Windows programs. However, if the next window you see is Install Bonjour Printer, you must choose the printer manufacturer and model.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

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If the required printer model is not listed, you can do one of the following: Install the printer drivers in Windows. Then click Have Disk button in the Install Bonjour Printer window and specify the path to the .inf file located in the folder where you installed the printer drivers. In the Install Bonjour Printer window, select Generic in the Manufacturer list and Generic/Postscript in the Model list. Click Next. 9 In the Completing the Bonjour Printer Wizard window, click Finish. You can start using the newly added printer to print documents from Windows programs.

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Set Up a Network Printer


You can install a network printer directly into Windows. Before installing a network printer in Windows, make sure that: Your Mac can access the Internet. Windows is configured to work in either the Shared networking mode or Bridged networking mode and can access the Internet too. The user account in Windows has permission to access the network printer. You know the printer IP address.

After that, you can log in to Windows and install a network printer.

In Windows
Before adding a network printer in Windows, download and install an appropriate printer driver. For detailed information on installing the printer driver, refer to the printer manufacturer documentation. To add a network printer in Windows 7 or Windows Vista: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Open the Windows Start menu and select Control Panel. In the Control Panel window, select Hardware and Sound and click Add a printer in the Devices and Printers section (Printers in Windows Vista). The Add Printer wizard opens. In the first window, click Add a network, wireless or Bluetooth printer. In the next window, click The printer that I want isn't listed. In the Find a printer by name or TCP/IP address window, select Add a printer using a TCP/IP address or hostname and click Next. In the Type a printer hostname or IP address window, do the following: 1. Select TCP/IP Device from the Device type menu. 2. Specify the printer IP address in the Hostname or IP address field. 3. Clear the Query the printer and automatically select the driver to use option if it is selected. 4. When ready, click Next.

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7 8

If prompted to specify additional port information, choose Standard, select Generic Network Card from the list, and click Next. In the Install Printer Software window, specify the manufacturer and model of the network printer. If the required printer model is not listed, click Have Disk button and specify the path to the .inf file located in the folder where you installed the printer driver. When ready, click Next.

Continue with the printer configuration procedure. When the printer is added to Windows, you can use it to print documents from Windows XP.

To add a network printer in Windows XP: 1 2 3 4 5 Open the Windows Start menu and select Control Panel. In the Control Panel window, double-click the Printers and Faxes item. Click the Add a printer link to open the Add Printer wizard. In the Welcome to the Add Printer Wizard window, click Next. In the Local or Network Printer window, select Local printer attached to this computer and clear the Automatically detect and install my Plug and Play printer option if it is also selected. When ready, click Next. In the Select a Printer Port window, select Create a new port and specify Standard TCP/IP Port as the port type. When ready, click Next. In the Welcome to the Add Standard TCP/IP Printer Port Wizard window, click Next. In the Add Port window, specify the network printer IP address and click Next. If prompted to specify additional port information, choose Standard, select Generic Network Card from the list, and click Next.

6 7 8 9

10 In the Completing the Add Standard TCP/IP Printer Port Wizard window, click Finish. 11 In the Install Printer Software window, specify the manufacturer and model of the network printer. If the required printer model is not listed, click Have Disk button and specify the path to the .inf file located in the folder where you installed the printer driver. When ready, click Next. 12 Continue with the printer configuration procedure. When the printer is added to Windows, you can use it to print documents from Windows XP.

In Linux

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The procedure of setting up a network printer in a Linux or FreeBSD guest operating system depends on the Linux or FreeBSD distribution and printer. In this example, we describe how to set up a network printer in a virtual machine running RHEL 5.4 Server. However, you can use these guidelines as general instructions on how to set up a network printer in a Linux or FreeBSD virtual machine.
Note: For more detailed information, refer to the CUPS documentation.

To set up a network printer: 1 2 Start the virtual machine. Make sure the following components are installed in the guest operating system: Common UNIX Printing System (CUPS). Installation instructions can be found at CUPS site; Samba service. Installation instructions can be found at Samba site; and A Web browser, since we consider controlling CUPS via web interface.
Note: To set up a network printer, you should have root privileges.

3 4 5 6 7

Download and install an appropriate printer driver. For detailed information on installing the printer driver, refer to the printer manufacturer's documentation. Start Common UNIX Printing System. In the Terminal, type the command: Start a web browser and type either the IP address of your virtual machine or http://127.0.0.1:631. Click the Add Printer button. In the Add New Printer window, specify a printer name. Under this name the printer will be displayed in the guest operating system. You can also enter the printer description and location. When ready, click Forward. In the Device for <Printer Name> window, select AppSocket/HP JetDirect and click Continue. In the Device URI for <Printer Name> window, specify the printer IP address in the following format: socket://<printer IP address> When ready, click Continue.

/etc/init.d/cups start

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10 In the Make/Manufacturer for <Printer Name> window, select the manufacturer of your printer and click Continue. 11 In the Model/Driver for <Printer Name> window, select the model of your printer and click Add Printer. 12 Enter the root password when prompted.

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CUPS performs the installation. If the installation is successful, the "Printer <name> has been configured successfully" message is displayed. Now you can use this printer to print documents from the virtual machine.

Set Up a USB Printer


You can connect a USB printer directly to Windows. In this case, the printer isn't available to Mac OS X. If you want to use the printer to print both from Mac OS X and from Windows, see Share a Mac Printer (p. 84). To connect a USB printer directly to Windows: 1 2 In Parallels Desktop, start Windows. When Windows starts, install the printer driver. For detailed information on how to do that, refer to the printer manufacturer's documentation. Typically you can find drivers on the manufacture's website. Do one of the following: If the USB printer is already connected to your Mac: If Windows is in Coherence, click the Parallels icon USB and select this printer from the list. in the menu bar, choose Devices > in the

If Windows is working in a separate window, click the USB controller icon Windows status bar and select this printer from the list. 4

If the USB printer is not connected to your Mac, connect it. In the New USB device detected window, connect the printer to Windows. In Windows, follow the Add New Hardware wizard instructions.

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Use the Built-in iSight Camera or Another Webcam


If your Mac or display has a built-in iSight camera, or if you connect a compatible external webcam, by default you can use it with Windows. To use a built-in iSight or external camera with Windows: Simply open a Windows program that uses a camera, you should be able to select the iSight or external camera for use with the program.

Note: If you are running a guest OS other than Windows XP Service Pack 2 or later, Windows Vista, or Windows 7, be sure you have USB video device class (UVC) drivers installed.

Disable Camera Sharing


If you don't want Windows programs to be able use connected webcams or the built-in iSight camera, you can disable camera sharing by doing the following: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Hardware and click USB Controller. Deselect Share camera with Windows.

Protect Your Data


You probably have important documents, photos, and more on your Mac. When running Windows on your Mac, it's especially important to protect your data from viruses and unauthorized use. Read this section to learn how.

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Protect Your Data from Viruses


Parallels Desktop offers complementary 90-day subscriptions to Kaspersky antivirus protection for both Mac OS X and Windows. To take advantage of these offers, you download and install Kaspersky Internet Security for Windows and Kaspersky Anti-Virus for Mac. When the trial periods expire, you can purchase permanent activation keys.

Download and Install Kaspersky Internet Security for Windows


1 2 3 4 5 Open Parallels Desktop and start Windows. If Parallels Desktop is set to Coherence mode, click the Parallels icon choose Exit Coherence. Choose Virtual Machine > Install Parallels Internet Security. Click Install. After the installation is complete, click Reboot. Windows restarts. in the menu bar and

Your free 90-day trial of Kaspersky Internet Security begins.


Note: Kaspersky Internet Security for Windows is supported by Windows 7, Vista and XP only. Parallels Tools must be installed (p. 195). In most cases, Parallels Tools are installed by default.

Remove Kaspersky Antivirus from Windows


To remove Kaspersky Internet Security, remove it like any other Windows application.

Download and Install Kaspersky Anti-Virus for Mac


1 2 3 4 If Parallels Desktop is set to Coherence mode, click the Parallels icon choose Exit Coherence. Choose File > Install Kaspersky for Mac. When prompted, enter your administrator user name and password. Once the installation is complete, activate the trial version of the software. in the menu bar and

Your free 90-day trial of Kaspersky Anti-Virus for Mac begins.

Remove Kaspersky Anti-Virus for Mac


Choose Uninstall Kaspersky for Mac from the File menu, enter your administrator credentials, and wait until uninstall is complete.

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Isolate Mac OS X from Windows


You can isolate Mac OS X from Windows, so that they no longer share folders, profiles, and applications, connected external devices are no longer automatically accessible by Windows, and you can no longer copy or move objects between Windows and Mac OS X. Isolating Mac OS X from Windows may provide a higher level of security by not allowing compromised items from one OS to come into contact with the other. To isolate Mac OS X from Windows 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Options and select Security. Select Isolate Mac from Windows.

Work in Windows Without Saving Changes


If you don't want Windows to store the changes you make to it during the working session (for example, when testing some Windows programs that may damage Windows), you can start Windows in Safe Mode: 1 2 Open Parallels Desktop. From the Parallels Virtual Machines list select Windows that you want to start in Safe Mode and click Virtual Machine > Safe Mode.

Set Windows to Always Start in Safe Mode


If you want Windows to always start in Safe Mode: 1 2 3 Open Parallels Desktop. From the Parallels Virtual Machines list select Windows and click Virtual Machine > Configure > Options > Security. Choose Ask me what to do from the Undo Disks menu and click OK.

Note: If you have the automatic compression of virtual disks (p. 104) enabled, it will become disabled after you enable Undo Disks.

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Set Password Requirements


For added security, you can set Parallels Desktop to require an administrator password to perform certain functions. 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Options and select Security. Select one or more of the following to require a Mac OS X administrator password to perform the selected action: Exit full screen mode: A password is required to exit full screen mode (p. 54). Change virtual machine state: A password is required to start, stop, suspend, pause, or shut down (p. 46) Windows. Manage snapshots: A password is required to create or delete a snapshot (p. 124), or revert to a snapshot.

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Encrypt Windows to Protect It from Unauthorized Use


If you store any important data using Windows programs, it is highly recommended that you encrypt Windows to protect your data from any unauthorized use.

Encrypt Windows
To encrypt Windows (it must be shut down): 1 2 Select Windows and click Virtual Machine > Configure > Options > Security. In the Security pane, click Turn On, specify a password, and click OK.

Warning: The specified password is very important. You must record it. Without this password, you can't start Windows.

Change Your Password


To change the password for an encrypted Windows (it must be shut down): 1 2 Select Windows and click Virtual Machine > Configure > Options > Security. In the Security pane, click Change Password, specify a new password, and click OK.

Remove Encryption from Windows


To remove encryption from Windows (it must be shut down): 1 2 Select Windows and click Virtual Machine > Configure > Options > Security. In the Security pane, click Turn Off.

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Connect to the Internet or a Network


Parallels Desktop allows you to use three types of networking with Windows: Shared Networking: Windows programs share a network connection with Mac OS X. This is the default setting. Bridged Ethernet: Windows can use one of your Mac's network adapters. This makes Windows appear as a separate computer on the network. Host-only networking: Windows can access only your Mac.

In most cases, you don't need to adjust network settings. If your Mac is set to connect to a network or to the Internet, Windows programs have access to the same network and the Internet. The Bridged Ethernet networking mode is more complex and you may need to contact your system administrator to set it up properly. Read on for detailed information on these types of networking and how to configure them.

Share Network Settings Between Mac OS X and Windows


By default, Windows is set to share network settings with Mac OS X. Windows programs can access other computers on your local network and the Internet by using the IP address of your Mac. Windows does not have its own IP address on the network. In most cases, you don't need to adjust network settings. If your Mac is set to connect to a network or to the Internet, Windows programs have access to the same network and the Internet.

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You may wish to use Shared Network mode in the following cases: Your Mac accesses the Internet via a modem or another non-Ethernet device. You need to access the Internet from inside Windows but are concerned about security. You have problems with working in the Bridged Ethernet mode.

To configure Windows to use Shared Networking: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Hardware and then click Network. In the Network pane, make sure that the Connected and Shared Network options are selected.
Note: In the MAC address field, you can change the MAC address currently assigned to Windows. MAC addresses are automatically generated when you first set up Windows on your Mac. However, you can modify the default MAC address by typing another value in the MAC address field or clicking the Generate button. When entering a new MAC address, make sure that it is unique within your network.

For the information about troubleshooting networking problems, refer to the Parallels knowledge base http://kb.parallels.com/ available at the Parallels website.

Apply Separate Network Settings to Windows


When operating in the Bridged Ethernet mode, Windows appears on the network as a stand-alone computer with its own IP address and network name.
Note: The Bridged Ethernet networking mode is more complex than the Shared Networking mode and you may need to contact your system administrator to configure it properly.

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To configure Windows to work in the Bridged Ethernet mode: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 4 Click Hardware and then click Network. In the Network pane, make sure that the Connected option is selected. Select the appropriate network adapter from the list. To connect the virtual machine's adapter to the active network adapter of your Mac, choose Default Adapter.
Note: In the MAC address field, you can change the MAC address currently assigned to Windows. MAC addresses are automatically generated when you first set up Windows. However, you can modify the default MAC address by typing another value in the MAC address field or clicking the Generate button. When entering a new MAC address, make sure that it is unique within your network.

If you can't configure Windows to function in the Bridged Ethernet mode, consider using Shared Networking or Host-Only Networking. For the information about troubleshooting networking problems, refer to the Parallels knowledge base http://kb.parallels.com/ available at the Parallels website.

Use Host-Only Network Settings


Parallels Desktop provides a closed network that is accessible only to Mac OS X and Windows. Mac OS X is connected to this network via the Parallels Host-Only Networking adapter automatically created on your Mac during the Parallels Desktop installation. The addresses for Windows are provided by the Parallels DHCP server.

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To configure Windows to use Host-Only Networking: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 Click Hardware and then click Network. In the Network pane, make sure that the Connected and Host-Only Network options are selected.
Note: In the MAC address field, you can change the MAC address currently assigned to Windows. MAC addresses are automatically generated when you first set up Windows. However, you can modify the default MAC address by typing another value in the MAC address field or clicking the Generate button. When entering a new MAC address, make sure that it is unique within your network.

For the information about troubleshooting networking problems, refer to the Parallels knowledge base http://kb.parallels.com/ available at the Parallels website.

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Use Wi-Fi with Windows


If your Mac is already connected to the Internet wirelessly, by default Windows is also set to access the Internet wirelessly, with no setup required. If you change your network setup, you can reconfigure a Wi-Fi connection using the Bridged Ethernet mode, When operating in this mode, Windows appears on the network as a stand-alone computer with its own IP address and network name. To configure Windows to access the Internet through Wi-Fi: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 3 4 Click Hardware and then click Network. In the Network pane, make sure that the Connected option is selected. Choose AirPort from the list.

After you perform these steps, Windows is able to connect to the Internet through the AirPort adapter of your Mac. If you can't configure your virtual machine to function in the Bridged Ethernet mode, consider using Shared Networking or Host-Only Networking. For the information about troubleshooting networking problems, refer to the Parallels knowledge base http://kb.parallels.com/ available at the Parallels website.

Connect Windows to a VLAN


If your Mac is a VLAN (virtual local area network) member, Parallels Desktop allows you to bridge Windows to this VLAN. To bridge Windows to the VLAN, do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 5 6 Click Hardware and then click Network. Select Bridged Network > VLAN from the Type list and make sure the Connected option is enabled.

Windows is bridged to the selected VLAN. 101

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Optimize Performance
If Windows isn't working as speedily as you'd like, there are several simple ways you can optimize its performance. This section contains many helpful instructions for doing just that. Read this section to find out how you can tune Windows for speed.

Set How Much Memory is Allocated to Windows


Parallels Desktop is set to allocate a certain amount of your Mac's available RAM memory to Windows and the rest to Mac OS X. If too much memory is allocated to Windows, Mac OS X may slow down, which in turn can cause Windows programs to slow down because they're running on top of Mac OS X. If, on the other hand, too much memory is allocated to Mac OS X, then Mac OS X applications may run well but Windows programs might slow down. To optimize the performance of both Windows and Mac OS X, set the memory allocated to Windows to be somewhere within the recommended range. To set how much memory is allocated to Windows: 1 2 Shut down Windows (p. 46). Choose Virtual Machine > Configure, and then click General.

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3 4

Move the memory slider to somewhere within the recommended range, indicated by the graphic under the slider (see above). If you use Windows programs that require lots of memory, like 3D or video production programs, move the slider towards the right side of the range. If not, set it somewhere in the middle or to the right.

If you change this setting and then you don't like how Windows is performing, then try a different setting.
Note: If you want to prevent Virtual Machine Configuration from unauthorized changes, click the Lock icon at the bottom of the window. The next time someone wants to change the settings in any pane of Virtual Machine Configuration, an administrator's password will be required.

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Optimization Settings
Using Optimization settings, you can: Optimize performance for either Mac OS X applications or Windows programs Tune Windows for speedier performance or more graphical features If you're using a MacBook or other portable computer, optimize your computer for better battery life or higher performance Conserve disk space

To access Optimization settings: 1 Do one of the following: Option-click (Alt-click) the Parallels icon in the menu bar and choose Configure.

If the Parallels Desktop menu bar is visible at the top of the screen, choose Virtual Machine > Configure. 2 Click Options and select Optimization.

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Optimize Performance for Mac OS X Applications or Windows Programs


Choose one of the following from the Performance menu: Faster virtual machine: More of your computer's resources are given to Windows. The performance of Windows programs may be increased significantly, but Mac OS X applications may slow down. Faster Mac: More of your computer's resources are given to Mac OS X. The performance of Mac OS X applications may be increased significantly, but Windows programs may slow down.

To set Parallels Desktop to automatically optimize performance for Mac OS X or Windows depending on which application or program you're working with at the moment: Select Enable Adaptive Hypervisor. When you're using a Windows program, more resources are given to Windows, and when you're using a Mac OS X application, more resources are given to Mac OS X.

Tune Windows for Speedier Performance


Select Tune Windows for speed.

Some Windows features that tend to slow down performance, such as animations during startup, are disabled.

Optimize your MacBook for Longer Battery Life or Higher Performance


The Power menu contains the power and performance related options: Longer battery life: If you have a portable Mac that you often use unplugged, you can choose this option to lower power consumption for longer battery life. This may slightly reduce Windows performance. Better performance: This option (selected by default) maximizes Windows performance, but uses more power.

Note: If you change options in the Power menu when Windows is running, you must shut down Windows and start it again for the changes to take effect.

To show battery status in Windows: Select Show battery in Windows.

When your MacBook or other portable computer is running on battery power, the battery status is displayed in the menu bar.

Automatically Conserve Disk Space

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In most cases, the space that Windows takes up on your hard disk expands as you add files and other data, but isn't reduced when you delete data. To set Parallels Desktop to automatically reduce disk space periodically: Select Automatically compress virtual disks.

Twice a day, Parallels Desktop reviews disk space. If unused space takes up more than 50 percent of the Windows hard disk image size, the disk space is freed up for your use. You can also free up hard disk space manually (p. 184).
Note: Compressing can be done only if you haven't saved a snapshot and if the Undo disks option is disabled.

Optimize 3D Graphics Performance on a MacBook Pro


Some new MacBook Pro computers have two video adapters. By default, the slower video adapter that saves energy is used. To use the faster video adapter for better 3D graphics performance: 1 2 In the Mac OS X Finder, select Apple menu > System Preferences and click Energy Saver. Click Higher performance.

Setting graphics to higher performance uses battery life faster.

Speed Up Games and Graphics Programs


Источник: https://www.scribd.com/document/170468529/Parallels-Desktop-User-s-Guide
Bargain Buddy " binding 902 comprises five ASEP hook 910-914.If the user wants to delete DesktopDestroyer, he can click " forbidding binding (DisableBundle) " 915 buttons and start the machine again.This has deleted all five ASEP hook 910-914, stops the Automatic Program ground beginning of three bindings, although their file is kept on the machine.

In other words, the user can search three ARP titles and call their delete programs separately there in a unmodified ARP page.Because spyware provides insecure ARP delete program usually, thus the user can the modified ARP of scrutiny interface to be sure of after the ARP deletion, the not having ASEP hook to leave over.Modified interface also preferably combines with an existing systems restore funcitons.If two deletion options are all failed, the user can click " recovering (Restore) " button 917 and machines configurations is turned back to binding checkpoint before is installed so.

Except the known ASEP and the ASEP of file, embodiments of the invention are found new ASEP by other two channels.First channel comprises that this is because spyware is using unknown ASEP with not carried out fault diagnosis to machine by the actual infection that doorkeeper's version of current loading is removed.Two instruments are provided for this reason: Strider fault diagnostic program and AskStrider, quote middle the description in front as people such as Wang.Second channel comprises registration table and the new ASEP of file tracking to find that possibility is hooked by spyware in the future that analysis is collected from arbitrary machine.In case find new ASEP, they increase the coverage of spyware deletion with regard to the tabulation that is added to known ASEP.Same ASEP discovery procedure can also be used for finding ASEP in third party or internal applications by the system manager, and these ASEP discord specify the ASEP tabulation to follow generation.

AskStrider is the expansion of handling the tabulation instrument, for example order of the ps among the WINDOWS of Microsoft task manager or the UNIX.Except the tabulation that shows process in service, AskStrider also shows the module list that loaded by each process and by the list of drivers of system loads.The more important thing is that AskStrider helps these bulk informations of customer analysis to discern most interested message block from local computer collecting ring environment information.This environmental information comprises the daily record of system recovery document change, the metadata of patch installation and the association of driver-device.

Figure 10 illustrates and uses AskStrider to find the example of ASEP, as is used for one embodiment of the present of invention, and it shows two exemplary screen shots of AskStrider.The tabulation that top grid 1002 comes show process according to system recovery, described process sorts by the timestamp of about final updating of their file.File 1004 degree of being highlighted that upgrade in the week show in the past.User's select File 1005 in the top grid 1002 also shows with a different color degree of being highlighted.Bottom grid 1006 shows tabulation by the module of selecting in the grid of top that process was loaded with identical ordering and high brightness.In addition, if file, then shows patch ID from a patch as an indication, promptly indicate the unlikely installation of this document from spyware.

Figure 10 and 11 also illustrates according to an embodiment of the invention, how to use AskStrider to find the example of a new ASEP.Figure 10 has shown after program is installed, and begins the dll file that a new process DAP.exe 1008 and browser process iexplore.exe 1010 load from four recent renewals of same installation.After all new ASEP of forbidding linked up with (using for example modified ARP interface of Fig. 9) and restart, iexplore.exe 1102 still loaded two new DLL1104.Use filename DAPIE.dll search registration table demonstrate an application program hook HKCR PROTOCOLS an additional ASEP below the Name-Space Handler.This process for example provides the robotization of button possibility by each the process/module in showing for AskStrider; When the user clicks a button, carry out reverse find and show ASEP.This new ASEP is added in the tabulation of the known ASEP that will be monitored subsequently.

AskStrider moved with one minute fully automatically and mostly just; Yet it only catches the module of operating process and loading when it scans.If spyware program by a unknown the ASEP illustration and before calling AskStrider, withdraw from, AskStrider just can not catch any information that shows unknown ASEP so.Therefore according to embodiments of the invention, the Strider fault diagnostic program is used in these situations and gets off to carry out the ASEP discovery.This instrument requires the user of infected machine to select (file and registration table) the system recovery checkpoint before infection.By the state of this checkpoint and current infected state are compared, this instrument calculates one and comprises the difference set that spyware is installed all changes that produced.The set of this difference is intersected producing a report with one " starting trace log automatically " (having write down the read/write of each individual files and registration table during the automatic startup process) then, all ASEP hooks that this report comprises spyware necessarily and produced.

Usually, the ASEP program: (1) appears at during automatic startup follows the tracks of, and described startup starts to follow the tracks of to have covered from the startup process and begins to finish the human window of all initialized points and preparation and user's interaction to machine; And (2) obtain illustrative by searching of extensibility point rather than their filename rigid line are connected to other automatic start-up routine.Therefore embodiments of the invention are followed the tracks of from the automatic startup of any machine by analysis and found that new ASEP is to discern following indirect pattern: EXENAME is returned as the part of file or registry query operation, succeeded by an example of executable file.Usually, detected indirect pattern falls into of three different modes.The firstth, can hold the ASEP of a plurality of hooks.For example, HKLM SOFTWARE Microsoft InetStp Extensions allow a plurality of administration extensions of IIS server, HKLM SOFTWARE Microsoft Cryptography Defaults Provider allows a plurality of suppliers, and HKLM SOFTWARE Microsoft Windows NT CurrentVersion Winlogon Userinit allows a plurality of initialize routines of appointment in the character string of CSV.Second indirect pattern shows the ASEP with single hook, for example the WINOWS of Microsoft EXPLORER ASEP, seem only to allow a processor HKCR Network SharingHandler.The 3rd indirect pattern shows needs an additional classes ID to search so that the ASEP of retrieving files name.For example, to ASEPHKLAP SOFTWARE Microsoft Windows CurrentVersion each hook of ShellServiceObjectDelayLoad all comprise a class ID, its be used for that additional registration table is searched in case from HKCR CLSID<Class ID InProcServer32 retrieval EXENAME.

Certain situation can produce " false positive (false-positive) " ASEP, on this meaning they whether should be included in the monitoring list be controversial.Embodiments of the invention allow to monitor or do not monitor the option of these situations.At first, some dll files are not derived any function and only are used as resource file so that data to be provided; Therefore they can not be regarded as ASEP.Yet to cause the execution of code, they can also be regarded as ASEP so if can add specific routine (for example DllMain in the WINDOWS of the Microsoft operating system).Another kind of situation is the ASEP of mechanism's special use (organization-specific).For example, all machines in the same mechanism can move the automatic start-up routine of being disposed by himself IT department, and this program is exposed the ASEP of himself.Significantly, this ASEP should not be added to global listings and monitors; If the system manager of mechanism is concerned about the ASEP that these hook, perhaps they want they are added in the local tabulation.

Embodiments of the invention further provide ASEP checkpoint and difference relatively.Provide an instrument to write down all known ASEP hook and ARP registry entries, form a checkpoint.This checkpoint is by command record or with the automatic record in periodic interval.ASEP checkpoint is created effectively, has only used 3 to 10 seconds.Whenever obtaining a new checkpoint, just it is compared with last checkpoint to detect any variation in ASEP hook and the ARP list item.This mode with a kind of unforced (non-obtrusive) is similar to and provides time-based Binding information: between any two coherent checkpoints, do not have processing expenditure.

The weakness of browser is present in the multiple web browser, and this weakness promptly allows to develop with operation and comprises the interior arbitrary code that is installed in that does not need software, and described web browser comprises the NAVIGATOR of Netscape and the FIREFOX of MOZILLA (red fox leopard cat).The ASEP that the homepage of some web browsers is relevant with searching page is generally held in the preferences file, rather than in the windows registry.For example, in the file directory of Netscape/Mozilla, there are two User Preferences file: prefs.js (the default preference that comprises automatic generation) and user.js (be a user can for overcoming the default optional file of creating).Value by changing user_pref among the prefs.js (" browser.startup.homepage ", "<homepage〉") and user_pref (" browser.search.defaultengine ", " and<search page〉" value, spyware can be kidnapped the homepage of these web browsers and give tacit consent to searching page.For example, Lop.com software is known for kidnapping the Netscape/Mozilla homepage.

ASEP also is present on the UNIX operating system, for example Linux, AIX and Solaris, so embodiments of the invention also detect the spyware on these operating systems.ASEP on the unix system can roughly divide into four classes.The first kind is inittab and rc file, file/etc/inittab for example, and it indicates the init process how to operate when system start-up and initialization.It usually require init allow user's login (gettys) and beginning by/etc/rc.d/rc file and/ all processes in the specified catalogue of such other rc file of etc/rc.d/rc.local, / etc/rc.d/rc.local is the position of the self-defined change to system of user (the normally user of " root " level-right), comprises the additional new process (daemons) that loads.Second class comprises the crontab instrument.The new process of cron is from rc or rc.local file, and provides the task scheduling service with in a concrete time or other process of periodic operation.Per minute, cron search/var/spool/cron with find and/the etc/passwd file in the clauses and subclauses that are complementary of user and search/etc/crontab to find system's clauses and subclauses.It carries out any order that is scheduled and moves then.The 3rd class is the configuration file (for example the .xinitrc of the .bash of bash shell, X environment or .Xdefaults and/ alternative document among the etc/) of user environment, and described configuration file is potential ASEP.What the user do not know to have loaded usually when login or beginning X Window.Can use and comprise order " script-fq/tmp/.syslog " and hook an ASEP so that write down the end activity of a total system or a particular user account according to the ASEP position at interior simple script file.This record is generally held in that an overall situation can write/ hidden file under the tmp catalogue filename of ". " beginning (promptly with) in.The 4th class comprises the nucleus module (LKM) that can load, and it is a target code block, can dynamically be written into core so that new function to be provided.Default being placed among catalogue/lib/modules of most LKM file destination.Yet some self-defining LKM files may reside in system Anywhere.Program insmod and rmmod are responsible for respectively inserting and deletion LKM.

Consider that principle of the present invention can be applied to many possible embodiment, should be realized that in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the embodiments described herein only is exemplary and should be considered as limiting this scope of invention.For example, one of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that the embodiment that illustrates can make amendment under the situation that does not break away from spirit of the present invention on configuration and details.Although the present invention describes according to software module or element, those skilled in the art will be familiar with these can be equal to replacement by hardware element.Therefore, the present invention described herein looks all this class embodiment within the scope that can be included into following claim and wherein equivalence.

Источник: https://www.google.com/patents/CN1740945A?cl=en